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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Is a disease caused by bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB spreads through the air, so others can catch this from an infected person's coughs,sneezes or just by conversation. bad cough chest pain coughing up blood weakness Signs & Symptoms fever appetite loss weight loss fatigue chills NOW The disease can be treated by taking multiple pills for 6 months to a year. Isoniazid, rifampin & ethambutol are most commonly used to treat TB. TB used to be the leading cause of deaths in America. Rx Diagnostic Tests: Skin test: injected with PPD tuberculin justbelow the skin. Within 2-3 days the area will swell to a small hard bump indicating that youare likely to have TB. Blood test: used to rule out active or latent TB Latent TB germs are inactive. Active vs No feeling of sickness. Treated at regular TB with the same medicines. Cannot be spread to others. TB germs are spreading and reproducing in body. Feeling and looking ill. Treated by taking several kinds of medicines. TB germs are in your lungs and are easily spread to others. Surgery No surgery can rid someone of TB, but sometimes surgical procedures are used to repair the lung where there is unabating bleeding. Although surgeries are rarely done they can also be used to remove pockets of TB bacterium in the lung that are untreatable by medicines. Sputum test: tests the mucus/saliva that is coughed up. This test is less accurate, but it used to indicate which medication works bestfor each individual. 5 in 10 die 2 in 10 develop chronic infections 3 in 10 self-cure QUICK FACTS Greek doctors called this disease "phthisis", which is a greek word for consumption. TB has also been called "white plague" because of the pale coloring of those infected. Researchers think TB was first among those in Egypt, India, and China; tubercular decay was found in unearthed mummies from 15,000-20,000 years ago! Extrapulmonary TB: is a type of TB which occurs in other parts of the body besides the lungs. affects the brain, eyes, lymph nodes, throat, spine, bones, skin, & kidneys. Tuberculosis Visual Infected Normal By: Cotey Wojtkowski
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