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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Tropical Savanna Grasslands The Tropical Savanna Grasslands are located near the equator, between the Tropic Of Cancer and the Tropic Of Capricorn. They cover most of Africa, as well as large areas of Australia, South America and India. Tropical grasslands are found in tropical wet and dry climates. These areas are hot year-round, usually never dropping under 15 degrees celcious . The tropical grassland are overallvery dry, they do have a season of heavy rain.Annual rainfall is from 51-127 CM per year. It is crucial that the rainfall is concentratedin six or eight months of the year, followed by a long period of drought when fires can occur. The soil of tropical grasslands is porous, with rapid drainage of water. It has only a thin layer of humus (the organic portion of the soil created by partial decomposition of plant or animal matter), which provides vegetation with nutrients. Tropical grasslands are dominated by grasses, often 3 to 6 feet tall at maturity. They may have some drought-resistant, fire-resistant or they may have an open shrub layer. The savanna has a large range of highly animals.There are over 40 different species of hoofed mammals that live on the savannas of Africa. Up to 16 different species of browsers (those who eat leaves of trees) and grazers. In many parts of the savannas of Africa people have started using it to graze their cattle and goats. They don't move around and soon the grasses are comple-tely eaten up. With no vegetation, the savanna turns into a desert. Huge areas of savanna are lost to the Sahara desert every year because of overgrazing and farming.
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