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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Industrial Revolution The transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from 1760-1840. The Spinning Jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame.This device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn. Yellow=60% of working boys during 1821-1850Grey=15% 7-10 year oldsRed=55% of working boys in 1791Green=35% of 10 year old working boys Similarities *Both increased the use of steam power *Both had a large scale production of chemicals *Germany was very dominant & interested in chemical research *In both revolutions Belgium valued rails and railways. Industrial Revolution vs. 2nd Industrial Revolution Differences * 1st Rev. took place in England. 2nd Rev. took place in the USA and Western Europe *1st Rev. messages were carried by using a telegraph 2nd Rev. messages were carried by telephone *1st Rev. population lived in mainly rural areas. 2nd Rev. population mainly lived in crowded cities. 1.633 billion Between 1700 & 1900 the world's population grew from 679 million to 1.633 billion. Child Labor Visitor from Rotham in 1801:"The town is abominably filthy, the Steam Engine is pestiferous,the Dyehouses noisesome andoffensive, and the water of theriver black as ink or the Stygianlake"(quoted, Briggs, p.89) 30,000 The British Iron Industry producedabout 30,000 tons of pig ironin 1760. 1,000,000 Over 1,000,000 child workersin England in the 19th century. 40% Manufacturing counted for asignificant share of its totaleconomic activity. Used 1/4of France's gross national product & 40% of Britain's.
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