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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Arianism-3rd and 4th century heresy-formulated by Arius-denied Chrsit's divinity, claimed he was not equal to the Father, instead Jesus was only the Son of God-Jesus was an exceptional creature raised to the this level because of his heroic fidelity to the Father's will and great holiness-taught that Jesus was created by the Father-Jesus is inferior and subordinate to the Father, according to this teaching-directly challenged the Blessed Trinity-due to this heresy there was an Ecumenical Coucil called to debate the issue-convened AD 325 in Nicea-resulted in formal definition of the true divinity of Chrsit and his equality with the father-coucil determined Arianism is false and the Father and Son were homoousios in their divine naturemonophysitismEarly 5th centuryName is Greek for one natureDisagreements continued after the Ecumenical Council of EphesusThe Church emphasized the divinity of Christ and neglected his humanityIn 451, a council in Chalcedon rejected Monophysitism and declared definitively that Christ is a divine Person with both a human nature and a divine natureo Hypostatic union- the belief that Christs two natures were united in one Many Christians in Egypt and other parts of Africa and the Middle East rejected the hypostatic union beliefo Known collectively as the Oriental Orthodox Churches Communication between the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Catholic Church has uncovered that actual Christology held the two groups togetherNestorianism-4th century-formed by Nestorius-rightly claimed Christ was both human and divine-incorrectly claimed he was neither fully human nor fully divine-claimed that Jesus had a union of two natures; half and half-discussed and dis-reputed in the third ecumenical council-the third ecumenical council was Ephesus in AD 431-Nestorius also objected Mary's title as theotokos, believed she was only the mother of his human nature-wanted to call Mary Christokos Mother of Christ-ecumenical council decided to call Mary theotokos because Christ is both fully divine and fully human, so Mary is the mother of both God and man-followers of Nestorianism rejected this teaching and left to join the Persian Empire-first major separation of Christians
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