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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Business and Human Rights in Tanzania: Cross-cutting themes Mining Oil & Gas Agriulture Displacement Environmental degredation Violence & conflict Child rights Extractive projects often involve the appropriationof lands from indigenous people and massivedisplacement of settlements. In Geita District, forexample, the establishment of a gold mine lead to some 1800 displaced villagers. Tourism In 2009 the ILO found moderate levels of child labour in Zanzibar's small-scale agricultural industry, e.g. coffee, sugarcane, tea, & tobacco farms. Some children were also found to be working in mines and quarries, including tanzanite and gold mines. Zanzibari children were also found to be working in the tourism industry, and involved in commercial sexual exploitation near tourist locations. International Peace Information Service (IPIS) is an indepen-dent research instit-ute, providing gove-rnmental and non-governmental actors with information and analysis to build sus-tainable peace and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research is centred around four progra-mmes: Natural Res-ources, Business & Human Rights, ArmsTrade & Security, and Conflict Mapping. The "resource curse" is a phrase used to describe resource rich countries which experience low economic growth and slow development. A number of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have been pin-pointed for exemplifying this phenomenon. Tourism and agriculture of two of Zanzibar's most important income generators. Both industries require substantial land acquisition and use of strained resources such as water. Many industries can have a profound environmental impact, each in their own, specific ways. Extraction of minerals and fuels can be very chemically intensive and disruptive, as can the growth of crops. All four industries can involve appropriating large swathes of land and disrupting sensitive eco-systems or promoting deforestation.
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