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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 of babies bornbetween 52- 36 weeksdevelop it 60-80% Caused by insufficient productionby the immature lungs or a genetic mutation in one of the surfactant proteins, SP-B. Difficulty breathing at breath that gets progressively worse, cyanosis,flaring of the nostrils,tachypnea, grunting sounds with breathingand chest retractions. of babies born at 30 weeks develop it Affects about 1% of new borns each year 25% of babies born before 28 weeks gestationdevelop it Occurrence Sources - Incarceration & the Family (, Father Absense and the Welfare of Children (MacArthur Research Networks), America's Families and Living Arangements (U.S. Census Bureau) Surfactant Deficiency Disorder A lung disorder that typically affects premature babies whose amount surfactant (a mixture of certainphospholipids and proteins that lines the lung tissue and makes breathing easy) The lack of normal surfactant causes the tissue surroundingthe alveoli to stick together because of surface tension after exhalation whichresults in the alveoli collapsing and this leads to difficulty filling the air during each breath and the delivery of oxygen to the body is damaged. What is it? Causes Symptoms 10% of premature babies develop it Treatment: placing an endotracheal tube into windpipe; mechanical breathing machine; supplemental oxygen; surfactant replacement with artificial surfactant; and medications to ease pain and uncomfort. There is a cure to live but the deficency won't go away completely. 15-30%
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