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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Sickle Cell Anemia The sickle cell gene is passed from generation to generation in a pattern of inheritance called autosoma recessive inheritance. Sickle CellAnemia Characteristics of this disorder:The short life span of red blood cells in patients with SCD leads to chronic anemia (low red-cell count), which can cause extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, and delayed growt and development in children. The prognosis for this problem is the life expectancy of persons with sickle cell anemia is reduced. Some patients, however, can remain without symptoms for years, while others do not survive infancy or early childhood. Nevertheless, with optimal management patients can now survive beyond the fourth decade.\Most patients suffer intermittent pain crises, fatigue, bacterial infections, and progressive tissue and organ damage. Impaired growth and development is the end result of the physical and emotional trauma that is endured by children with sickle cell anemia. Goals of treating sickle cell anemia are to relieve pain; prevent infections, organ damage, and strokes; and control complications (if they occur). The complete set of genetic information for humans (Homo sapiens sapiens). This information is encoded as DNA sequences within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. A disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Abnormalities can be as small as a single-base mutation in just one gene, or they can involve the addition or subtraction of entire chromosomes. It is diagnosed with a simple blood test, done at any time during a person's lifespan, can detect whether he or she has sickle hemoglobin.However, early diagnosis is very important. In the United States, all States mandate testing for sickle cell anemia as part of their newborn screening programs. This is how many people have this disease in the United States, it's estimated that sickle cell anemia affects 70,000100,000 people, mainly African Americans. The disease occurs in about 1 out of every 500 African American births. Sickle cell anemia also affects Hispanic Americans Grace Hill
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