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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Grassland: Tropical Savanna Grasslands are characterized as lands dominated by grasses than large shrubs or trees. They are generally open and are fairly flat continuous areas of grass. Savannas cover half the surface of Africa, large areas of Australia, South America and India. They are found on every continent exceptAntarctica. Savannas are distinguished by their warmer drier climates.The dry season is marked by months of drought and fire. This is essential for the maintenance of the savanna. Without this period, scientists believe that savannas would turn into tropical rain forests. Precipitation: 500-900mm of rain annually(Yearly rain varies depending on the geographic location) Temperature: Ranges from 20-30 degrees Celsius Plant life is highly adapted to the hot and dry climate. The most dominant vegetation in the savannas are grasses such as:- Rhodes- Red oats- Star grass- Lemon grassThe major trees that grow on grasslands are:- Acacia- Baobab Savannas support the richest diversity of grazing mammals. It is a home to a number of predator species which prey on the herbivores. List of some of the animals: - Giraffes - Hyenas- Zebras - Cheetahs- Lions - Elephants Flora Fauna Location Climate Food Production Sustainable development of environment There should be balance between these two. If we begin to abuse our environment, we will soon reach a breaking point where it is no longer useful for food production. However, maintaining sustainable food production is a major challenge with the growing population, changing climate, increasing energy costs, land degradation, and the limited supply of good soils. Develop and promote good agricultural methods. - The poaching of rhinos, elephants and lions for their valuable body parts can lead to overgrazing due too the many herbivores eating too much of the vegetation. And because of this, there would be an imbalance in the ecosystem and the biome would slowly turn into a desert as much of the native vegetation are being removed. Environmental Concerns: Locations of the savannas around the world The soil of the savannas are nutrient and rich. They have a thin layer of humus which is the organic portion of the soil.The soil is very porous with rapid drainageof water. - Due to the growing population, people need to clear out land to make way for infrastructures, roads, housing, and for agricultural purposes to sustain the healthy living of the people. Humans clear out the land by:- Taking out native vegetation- Starting fires This would impact soil developmentmaking it more saline and acidicand causing soil erosion.
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