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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 social mobility education art science technology religion Social mobility is defined as movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between layers or tiers in an open system of social stratification.Open stratification systemsare those in which at least some value is given to achieved status characteristics in a society. The movement can be in a downward or upward direction. Absolute social mobility occurs when there is even small movement such that the movement may seem to be horizontal within a given layer of stratification. Relative social mobility occurs when there is vertical movement between one or more layers of stratification. The availability of at least some social mobility can be important in providing pathways to greater equality in societies with high social inequality. Education began in the earliest prehistory, as adults trained the young in the knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society. In pre-literate societies this was achieved orally and through imitation. Story-telling passed knowledge, values, and skills from one generation to the next. As cultures began to extend their knowledge beyond skills that could be readily learned through imitation, formal education developed. Schools existed in Egypt at the time of the Middle Kingdom Sculptures, cave paintings, rock paintings and petroglyphs from the Upper Paleolithic dating to roughly 40,000 years ago have been found, but the precise meaning of such art is often disputed because so little is known about the cultures that produced them. The oldest art objects in the worlda series of tiny, drilled snail shells about 75,000 years oldwere discovered in a South African cave. Containers that may have been used to hold paints have been found dating as far back as 100,000 years. Etched shells by homo erectus from 430,000 and 540,000 years ago were discovered in 2014. The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of foraging hominids which were already bipedal,[19] with a brain mass approximately one third of modern humans.[20] Tool use remained relatively unchanged for most of early human history. Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be connected to the emergence of fully modern language.[21] Social mobility is defined as movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between layers or tiers in an open system of social stratification. Open stratification systems are those in which at least some value is given to achieved status characteristics in a society. The movement can be in a downward or upward direction. Absolute social mobility occurs when there is even small movement such that the movement may seem to be horizontal within a given layer of stratification.Relative social mobility occurs when there is vertical movement between one or more layers of stratification. The availability of at least some social mobility can be important in providing pathways to greater equality in societies with high social inequality. done by: renaldo mendez Science in a broad sense existed before the modern era, and in many historical civilizations, but modern science is so distinct in its approach and successful in its results that it now defines what science is in the strictest sense of the term.Much earlier than the modern era, another important turning point was the development of classical natural philosophy in the ancient Greek-speaking world.
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