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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 1819 Calhoun, Andrew Jacksons vice president resigned his position as vice president and became elected to the senate in South Carolina. He was the person who promoted his idea of nullification. The Missouri Compromise & The Nullification Crisis The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. In 1828, Congress passed a high protective tariff signed by John Quincy Adams that infuriated the southern states because they felt it only benefited the industrialized north. The Nullification crisis began in the early 1830s when leaders in South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, nullify the law in effect. Since the Revolutionary war the country went from 13 states to 22. It managed to maintain balance of power between slave and free states. In 1819 Missouri wanted to enter the Union as a slave state. This act would unbalance power in the senate The purpose of the Missouri Compromise was to determine if a state was free or ifit was a slave state depending on the location. The compromise drew a line across the continent from the southwestern cornerto Missouri to the nations western boundary. Territories south of that line would enter as slave states. States in the North would become free states. Many agree to this idea, but southerns argued that the states should be able to choose if they wanted slavery or not. Henry Clay proposed that Missouri be admitted to the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Also,he made all the sates of the Louisiana purchase free from slavery until the Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854. On March of 1857, the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared the Missouri Compromise as unconstitutional. Thirty- Four years later In 1854, the Kansas- Nebraska Act was passed which enabled each state do decide if they wanted to allow slavery or not. Due to this, in 1861 The American Civil War erupted. In 1820 Henry Clay crafted the Missouri Compromise. This benefitted the North,because foreign goods were made more expensive. People bought more products from the U.S and the north benefitted from the increase in business, which it affected the south because they relied on selling their raw materials to the European factories and the north and the tariff decreased their business. Andrew Jackson the president believed that congress had the right to raise revenue by taxation and threaten to use federal troops against South Carolina. This crisis was over in 1833 when a compromise was reached on a new tariff. It ended in 1832 when South Carolina threatened to secede from the U.S. Union . The South accepted this tariff, because they did not wanted congress to enforce slavery as unconstituional. The nullification crisis demonstrated that disputes between regions could cause problems. 1833
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