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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Geopolitical Position Greece is bounded on the north by Albania, FYROM and Bulgaria, on the northeast by Turkey and Aigaío Sea, on the south by the eastern Mediterranean Sea and on the west by Iónio Sea. Greece is sub-divided in prefectures, every prefecture in provinces, and every province in municipalities and communities, which consist of the smaller government management division. Greece is divided in a total of thirteen (13) divisions:(a) Eastern Makedonía and Thráki (b) Central Makedonía (c) Western Makedonía (d) Iónian Islands (e) Ípeiros (f) Thessalía (g) Western Greece (h) Stereá Elláda (i) Attikí (j) Pelopónnisos (k) North Aigaíon (l) South Aigaíon (m) Kríti Administrative Divisions All about Sailing in Greece Sailing Areas Sailing in Greece is a chance for fun and relaxation, but only if you are following certain rules and have in mind a few important tips that will make your sailing vacation in Greece easier and definitely more enjoyable. Greece is divided in a total of nine (9) sailing-areas: (a) Saronic Gulf (b) Cyclades (c) Sporades (d) Iónian Islands (e) Dodecanese (f) North-East Aegean (g) Myrtoan Sea (h) Corinthian Gulf (i) Crete Oinoússes well is the deepest point of the Hellenic Ditch southwest of Pelopónnisos, with the biggest depth in the Mediterranean Sea. The deepest point is 5,121 m, 68 N M almost west of Ákras Taínaro of Pelopónnisos. Despite the irregular configuration of the Aigaíon Sea bottom its deepest point is 2,658 m and it is in between the island Kríti and the south part of Kykládes. Navigation and anchorage regulations Navigation in the Hellenic area is generally free, apart from certain areas, where navigation and approaching are prohibited, and authorisation from the responsible Naval Authorities is required. These Areas are stated in the Annual Permanent Notice No 5. When sailing and when two vessels are approaching one another, the International Regulation for preventing collision at sea should be followed. Special permission must be obtained from the local Maritime Authorities before anchorage, entering and leaving Hellenic harbors, bays, coastal navigation, in narrows, canals and channels. Vessels before entering in the above mentioned areas must communicate with local port authorities in order to be informed for the special regulations issued by the state. Yachts entering, leaving or returning to Greek waters must do so at an official port of entry. These ports have port customs offices and health authorities as well as passport and exchange control services. A transit log showing details of the yacht and crew is issued. The log is valid for six months and must be returned before leaving the Greek waters. Entering Greek Waters Weather Conditions The Hellenic climate is classified generally in the category of the Mediterranean climates and is characterized for its dry and hot summer and mild rainy winter. The part of the Balkan Peninsula, which includes Greece, is subdivided in a lot of ways by the seas and mountain ranges, resulting in the formation of geographical abnormalities that cause climatic differences and oppositions. The effect of the sea on the coast makes the winter milder and summer cooler. Climate Tide-Currents The tide phenomenon in the entire closed sea of the Mediterranean compared to other areas of the world is virtually insignificant. The morphology of coasts and the dissemination of the islands has serious effects on the tide phenomenon in the Hellenic Seas and particularly in the areas of the Aigaío. The biggest range of tide is observed in the straits of Évripos, Kórinthos Channel and the gulfs of Thermaikós and Vóreios Evvoikós. The distribution of the atmospheric pressure in the Hellenic Peninsula is neither simple nor normal, because of the numerous peninsulas, gulfs and islands surrounding it, forming the surrounded seas and due to the local low barometric, which generally affects the air movement and makes all of the Mediterranean Sea and all Hellenic areas changeable, with unstable weather, particularly in winter. Atmospheric Pressure In the eastern Mediterranean basin, the barometric depressions follow three tracks, as they move to the east. Firstly, they cross over Greece. Secondly, they follow the northern coasts of the Mediterranean, and finally they move over the central part or over the south coasts. The depression track that crosses over Greece is very important. If it passes from the north, south windswill prevail in the Hellenic Seas and if it passes from the south, north winds will prevail. Tracks Depressions The circulation of winds in the Hellenic seas depends on the distribution of the atmospheric pressure, which affects a big part of the creation of the local weather effects, as a result of the dense separation of the country from the sea and the irregular provision of mountains. Winds Gales are in frequent in Greece. When gale winds prevail they have a direction from northwest to northeast, or from southwest to southeast. The gale winds directed from theeast or the west are quite a rare phenomenon in Greece, and their maximum duration is between one or two days. Gale winds from the north are observed when extremely high atmospheric pressures prevail in the Peninsula of Aímos and south Russia. Gales In Greece, winter is the rainy season and summer is very dry. In general, the quantity of rain is decreased from the west to the east and from the north to the south, but this rule has also exceptions, due to local reasons. More specifically we can divide Greece in two regions: the west region, which is rich in rains and the east region, which is poor in rains. Rains The season, during which most thunderstorms take place in Greece, is autumn. However, some regions suffer fromthunderstorms even in summer. For Pelopónnisos thehighest frequency thunderstorms occur mostly in summer.The lowest frequency of storms in Greece are observedin the southeast coast of Pelopónnisos, while the highernumber corresponds in northeast Greece and Makedonía. Thunderstorms The circulation of winds in the Hellenic seas depends on the distribution of the atmospheric pressure, which affects a big part of the creation of the local weather effects, as a result of the dense separation of the country from the sea and the irregular provision of mountains. Mist Snow Snow on the shores of Greece and the islands, is not a usual phenomenon. Only the mountain regions and particularly those in north Greece are snow-capped, while the snow in other parts of the country usually melts, as soon as it stops snowing. Learn more about Sailing in Greece. Download mobile app Sail-Pilot!
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