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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 In 1820 Henry Clay crafted the Missouri Compromise. Territories south of that line would enter as slave states. States in the North would become free states. New problems spread because the north would be free states and the south would be slave states. Since there was less slave states, the south lost power in the senate and made the south furious. The compromise drew a line across the continent from the southwestern cornerto Missouri to the nations western boundary. The purpose of the Missouri Compromise was to determine if a state was free or ifit was a slave state depending on the location. The Missouri Compromise Since the Revolutionary war the country went from 13 states to 22. It managed to maintain balance of power between slave and free states. In 1819 Missouri wanted to enter the Union as a slave state. This act would unbalance power in the senate. Henry Clay proposed that Missouri be admitted to the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Also,he made all the sates of the Louisiana purchase free from the slavery until the Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854. Many agree to this idea, but southerns argued that the states should be able to choose if they wanted slavery or not. Thirty- Four years later In 1854, the Kansas- Nebraska Act was passed which enabled each state do decide if they wanted to allow slavery or not. On March of 1857, the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declarwed the Missouri Compromise as unconstitutional. Due to this, in 1861 American Civil War erupted. The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. In 1828, Congress passed a high protective tariff signed by John Quincy Adams that infuriated the southern states because they felt it only benefited the industrialized north. The Nullification crisis began in the early 1830s when leaders in South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, nullify the law in effect. Calhoun, Andrew Jacksons vice president resigned his position as vice president and became elected to the senate in South Carolina. He was the person who promoted his idea of nullification. Andrew Jackson the new president believed that congress had the right to raise revenue by taxation and threaten to use federal troops against South Carolina. It ended in 1832 when South Carolina threatened to secede from the U.S. Union . Later president Jacksonsend a bill that would lower the tariffs. This benefitted the North, because foreign goods were made more expensive. People bought more products from the U.S and the north benefitted from the increase in business, which it affected teh south because they relied on selling their raw materials to the European factories and the north and the tariff decreased their business. This crisis was over in 1833 when a compromise was reached on a new tariff. The South accepted this tariff, because they did not wanted congress to enforce slavery as unconstituional. The nullification crisis demonstrated that disputes between regions could cause problems.
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