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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 History of medicine Egyptain medicine The Ancient Egyptains deveolped a large, varied and friutful medical tradition.Herdotus described them as "the healthiest of all men, next to the Libyans.", due to dry climate and the notable public health system they possessed. Although Egyptain medicine, to a good extent, dealt with the supernatural, iteventually developed a practical use the feilds of anatomy, public health, andclinical diagnostics. Medical info in the Edwin Smith Papyrus may date as earlyas 3000 BC. The earlist known sugery was peformed aroud 2750 bc. Imhotep inthe 3rd dynasty is sometimes credited as the founder of anceint Egyptainmedicine. Also being the original writer of the edwin smith papyrus detalingcures,ailments, and atanomical observations. Medical institutions somtimescalled the house of lifeare known to have been established as ealry as the 1stdynasty. Medicine has been around for thousands of years starting with the Egyptains and the Edwin Smith Papyrus. The Babylonainsintroduced therapy and etiology. The Greeks wrote the Hippocratic Oath which is still taken today by doctors. Babylonian medicine the oldest Babylonian texts on medicine date back to the Old Babylonian periodin the first half of the 2nd millennium BCE. the most extensive text however isthe Diagnostic handbook written by the ummanu or cheif scholar, Esagil-kin-apliof Borsippa, during the regin of the Babylonian king Adad-alpa-iddina. Along withthe Egyptains the Babylonians introduced the practice of diagnosis, prognosis, andetiology. Indian medicine. The Siddha medicine is usually considered the oldest medicine system known to mankind. Siddha reported to have surfaced about more then10,000 years ago. The Atharvaveda, a sacred text of Hinduism datingfrom the Early Iron Age, is the first Indian text dealing with medicine.Like medicine of the ancient near east based on concepts of exorsismof demons and magic. The Atharveveda also contians recipes of herbs for various ailments. The use of herbs to treat ailments is also a largepart of the Ayurveda. Ayurveda meaning the "complete knowledge oflong life" is another Indian medical system. Chinese medicine The foundation text of Chinese medicine is the Huangdi neijing, (or Yellow Emperor'sInner Canon) written 5th century in to 3rd century. Tradtional Chinese medicine thatis based on the use of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage and others forms of therapy has been practiced in China for thousands of years. In the 19th century western medicine was introduced at the local level by Christian medical missionaries from the London Missionary Society(Britain), the Methodist Churchand Presbyterain Church (USA). Benjamin Hobson(1816-1873), set up a highly successful Wai Ai Clinic in Guangzhou, China. Hippocrate Medicine A towering figure in the history was the physician Hippocrates of Kos (c. 460- c.370 BCE), considered the "father of Western medicine". The Hippocrate Corpus is a collection of around 70 early medical works from anceint Greece strongly associated with Hippocrates and his students. Most famously he invented theHippocrate Oath for physicains, which still relevant and used today. Modern medicine The World Health Organizatoin was founded in 1948 as a United Nations agency to improve world health.In most of the world, life excectancy hasimproved since then, and was about 65 as of 2010 and 80 in some countries.The eradication of infectious diseases is an international effort.
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