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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 CAUSES Causes and Course of European exploration and discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries COURSE double click to changethis text! Drag a cornerto scale proportionally. double click to change this title text! Trade Trade was always done through middle-men (who increased costs and decreased profits for European's) so Europeans decided to directly go to the source Monarchs Monarchs who established royal power at home wanted to extend their power overseas. Religion Religion helped expansion-Crusading was common, Europeans wanted to join forces with Africa and go against the musllims.-wanted to expand Christianity Technology The European's used guns and muskets, giving them an advantage. The gunned ship is also an advantage because it is faster, more maneuverable, and deadly. Portugal took the lead in exploration. -Prince Henry the Navigator sponsored voyages of exploration-Dias was the first sailor to sailaround the southern tip of Africa in 1488-Vasco da Gama explored and helped Portugal dominate the eastern trade routes for severalyears proposed to sail westward to India. Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain funded his voyage. He thought he landed the outer Islands of Asia, but actually landed in the new world. explored the islands of Puerto Rico and discovered the Florida peninsula. Christopher Columbus Juan Ponce de Leon 1492 1508 1519 landed on the Gulf of Mexico. Cortez fought the Aztecs and conquered their land Hernando Cortez conquered the Incan Empire. The Incan solders were no match for the weapons of the Spaniards. Pizzaro 1532 The Spanish empire spreads in the new world. The rulers of Spain gave large tracks of land to the conquistadors. Spanish colonieswere ruled by viceroys. The Spaniardsalso brought their language andthe catholic religion to the Indiansof the land they conquered. Bartolome' de Las Casas was a friar that spent his life protecting Indians. Spain sent many friars to the New World and set up missionaries. Jesuit missionaries taught Christianity,crafts, and farming methods.
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