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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Growth Mindset VS Fixed Mindset How does the growth mindset influence motivation in ESL students? Students are encouraged to capitalize on their mistakes and failures to enhance theirintellectual skills. Hence, there is always room for improvement. Intelligence is not seen as a pre-determined trait that people are either born with orwithouth, but a skill that can be developed through effort. Encourages students to step out of their comfort zone, take risks, and trymore challenging tasks, in the learning process. The praise provided to students solely focuses on the efforts of the learner not their intelligence. Immigrant students must struggle for several years before fully understanding the language. Knowing thatthat their mistakes arethe stepping stones for their learning of English can prevent students from becoming discouraged . ESL students experience "LanguageShock" when adjusting to a new environment.Due to their lack of knowledge of theculture and language,they will often feel anxious, nervous, inferior, or stupid in a school setting. When praise focuses on the students abilityto perform a task, the student is put into a "Fixed Mindset" meaningthat they become focused on their intellectual capacity.Often times a student in a fixed mindset will feel vulnerable and discouragedby failure or any setbacks. ESL students will often have difficulties with the language, which in resultmay affect motivationand the desire to learn the language. These are signs ofstudents in a fixed mindset.This will make itmore likely that the studentwill enjoy doing simple activities that they exceed at,but fearful of those that mayrequire trying harder. Signsof this may include, actingbored, giving up, blaming the teacher, or becoming defensive. What will happen or may happen? Im out of here! What can I do as a teacher to ensure that my ESL studentswill grow as learners? Provide classroom environment that is free of criticism and allows studentsto flourish to their full potential. In addition, assure that students arealso provided with resources, andthe appropriate scaffolding to enhancetheir learning. Provide clear feedback for students to understandwhere they need to improve, provide students with recognitionfor their improvements and hardwork. A simple "Thank you for trying your hardest" may goa long way. Collaborate with parents and encourage them to also play a rolein their child's learning experience. By asking parents to tell their childstories in their native language, the child will be able to come to schoolwith stories for school assignments. Finally...Once we have provided ourESL students with all thesecrucial components... Provide clear and simplified instructionthat reduces the "cognitive load". Meaning that assignments and work should allow students to draw on their prior knowledgeand avoid confusing the student. With that being said, the work should still be challenging for the student. We have set the stage for growth to begin References Miller, P. C., & Endo, H. (2004). Understanding and Meeting The Needs of ESL Students. Phi Delta Kappan, 786791.lly.Krakovsky, M. (2007, April). The Effort Effect. Stanford Alumni. Retrieved from, G. (2000, February 7). How Can Teachers Develop Students' Motivation and Success?. Education World. Retrieved from, M., & Paul, J. (2013, August 28). Rethinking the ELL Achievement Gap: Starting with Mindsets. MI Tool Kit. Retrieved from
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