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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 air pollution & greenhouse gas emmisions overlap of industry sectors (eg, agriculture and drilling) mineral rights conflicts requires large amounts of water steams and rivers vulnerable to sediment and contamination from runoff spills, chemical releases Impacts from fracking waste water inundates existing water management systems recycling water from fracking is difficult &expensive geology & geography different at each site making conformity in regulations and construction difficult seismic activity Water bigger GHG footprint than coal 11% more methane released than conventional drilling + fugitive methane with higher global warming potential than CO2 gas leaks for lifetimeof well and leaks are 30% higher than in conventional drilling contamination from hydrocarbons, radioactive material, heavy metals, natural salts and pose health and ecosystem risks when they return to surface Landuse climate change traffic ( + accidents) noise & disruption soil non-disclosure of chemicals problematic for assessing dangers to health and environment human health Potential long-term cumulative effects to social well-being Civil disturbances, transientworkforce and healthproblems increase Economically distressed communities are targets for drilling National competition for jobs and unstable job creation and eventual loss of job Psychological and socio-cultural impacts, bullying, collective trauma, potentially altering community ties Some social service not equipped to handle influxof workers social well-being Inhalation of respirable particulate near fracking sites can cause: silicosis, lung cancer, autoimmune disorders, kidney disease increased risk of tuberculosis Evidence that fracking chemicals can cause damage to lungs, liver, kidney, blood and brain Other illnesses include: respiratory distress (incl. asthma), gastrointestinal and liver disease, brain and nervous system harm, cancers and negative reproductive effects Fracking is a risk to food safety, water, soil and air pollution in addition to contamination of animals for food Penn. Dept. Env. Protection checked 41 fracking products and found 73% of chemicals to have 6-14 adverse health effects Some illness occur after exposure, and are even transgenerational Exposure to fracking activities is a major concern for those who live and work in or near fracking sites It is difficult to know effects of fracking chemicalsbecause there is a lack of chemical use disclosure soil remediation is costly and difficult Infrographic by Stephanie Loveless and based on her literature review: Proceding with Or Without Caution? Mapping impacts of fracking with 50 peer reviewed papers
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