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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 EVOLUTION OF BASKETBALL Team Size: Originally, there was no set rule on the number of players. The team size as of today has anywhere from 9 to 13. The amount of players needed on the team is a minimum of 5 players because that is the number a team needs on the court. Substitutions: Initially, players were not allowed to re-enter the game. The rule was changed in 1920 to allow a player to re-enter the game one time. In 1934, the rule was expanded to allow players to re-enter the game twice, and, in 1945 the rule was finally changed to permit players to return to the game an unlimited number of times. players are now able to go in and out of the game. Baskets: Originally, the game was played with peach baskets or 18 square boxes hung from the balconies of the running tracks of most indoor facilities. At this time the basket height was established at 10 feet, which stillll stands today. the baskets today are made of high quality metal and the net is strung around a metal rim. The Ball: The first basketball games were played with soccer balls. However, they proved to be unsuitable for dribbling and ball handling. The first manufactured basketballs were produced in 1894 by a bicycle manufacturing company. The balls now are made of rubber and made by different companies. Scoring: Originally, a successful goal was counted as one point, and one point was also given to a team anytime three consecutive fouls were called on the opponent. Three point shots count now in the NBA, and so do free throws. Fouls: Fouls were assessed for using a fist, traveling and physical contact (holding, pushing, tripping, or striking of an opponent). When a player committed two fouls they were disqualified until a goal was scored. A technical foul is when a player can get ejected from the game. Dribbling: In the original rules players could not bounce the ball. In 1901, the rule was enacted permitting players to bounce the ball one time. People can dribbled the ball in many different ways causing the defender to stumble and even fall. Out of Bounds: In the beginning, boundaries were not defined. In most cases, they were just the walls. It was not until 1904 that boundaries became straight lines. The original rule regarding out of bounds situations turned out to be disastrous. Ball possession was awarded to the first player to touch the ball after it went out of bounds. Goal Tending: In 1944 the goal tending rule was adopted making it illegal for a defensive player to touch the ball on its downward flight. This was in reaction to Bob Kurland (the first regular dunker) and George Mikan standing in front of basket and swatting practically every opponent shot attempt.
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