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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Congressional Formal and Informal Powers Forgein Policy Presidential Formal and Informal Powers War Powers Resolution of 1973 -Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes,duties, imposts and excises; all duties, imposts and excises must be uniform throughout the United State.-To coin money, set its value, and punish counterfeiting.-To borrow money.-To declare war. -To establish a post office. -To establish rules for becoming a citizen and bankruptcy. -To issue patents and copyrights to inventors and authors. -To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. -To define and punish piracies, felonies on the high seas, and crimes against the law of nations. -To exercise exclusive legislative powers over the seat of government and over places purchased as federal facilities. Congress has the power to do what is necessary and proper for carrying into execution all powers vested by the Constitution; also known as the Elastic Clause. Another important informal power is the ability to investigate the executive branch or one of their agencies. Also, Congress can hold hearings. -Veto The President can veto any bill signed by Congress -Executive Clemency The President has the power to pardon the sentence of convicted criminals. -Emergency Powers The President has the ability to declare a 90 day period of Emergency. -Commander-in-Chief The President is the final authority in military matters and ultimately is responsible for the entire military might of the United States. -Powers of Appointment -Foreign Affairs The President has the right to conduct diplomatic missions and set foreign policy on behalf of the United States. -The power to go public power of persuasion, make executive agreements, issue executive orders, issue signing statements, create & use bureaucracy, personality and leadership, and make legislative proposals. Constitutional Conflict between the Congress and the President? The constitution expressly gives the power to declare war to the Congress, and not the President. But the War Powers Act, was created to allow a President to react in a time of crisis, without the delay of seeking congressional sanction. How does it limit the War-Power of the President?
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