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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Fallacies of Argument Fallacies of Emotional Argument1. Scare Tactics - used to push and force legitimate fears into people leading them to panic and have raised nervousness. - these tactics also include exaggerating possible outcomes and implementing "what ifs" without saying what if,but just putting it straight out there. 2. Either-Or Choice- to give them power by giving only 2 complicated issues and making sure one is obviously preferable than the other. - well intention strategies to get something finished now. 3. Slippery Slope- puts tiny problems that happened recently into giant consequences that happen in the future. - used as a scare tactic to limit people from doing something and to force them into what they are proposing. 4. Overly Sentimental Appeals- they use sentimental appeals along with tender emotions to gain the readers deep attention. - it gains control of your mind and puts emotionally controlling appeals into your mind. 5. Bandwagon Appeals- appeals to urge people into following the same path that everyone is following. - uses big ideas and current phenomenons to gain control and move people. Fallacies of Ethical Argument 1. Appeals to False Authority- when writer includes themselves or authorities as a warrant or believer for a claim. - though they may not be stated brightly, they may have a slight connection which then is why they may be included. 2. Dogmatism- when assuming that a particular position is the only one. - some may be completely outrageous, but with certain evidence and information, it can be proved m3. Ad Hominem Arguments - attacks the character of the argument to put down - destroys appeals to another argument or character4. Stacking the Deck - showing only one side of the argument- only allowing your side power and inference to be sure yours wins Fallacies of Logical Argument1. Hasty Generalization - using inferences from insufficient evidence- using barley any info to make a claim2. Faulty Casualty- the leading event from what happens because of this- overly simple claims that may lead to an unwanted response 3. Begging the Question- grounds of a claim can't be true because those claims are in question - using because this instead of giving s concise explanation 4. Equivocation- half truths that give lies am host appearance - uses tricky language to bend your mind toward it5. Non Sequitur -claims, reasons, and warrants don't connect logically- writers submit a step in an otherwise logical chain of reasoning6. Straw Man- attacking an argument that isn't there- writers sometimes set up straw mans to claim victory 7. Red Herring-changes the subject abruptly to throw readers of the trail- if you have to use them in arguments, should rethink some of your writing. 6. Faulty Analogy - comparison that help to clarify on concept by putting it against an other. - inaccurate or inconsequential arguments or comparisons to the argument
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