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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Embolism What is embolism and cause? It is a blockage in the lungsthat happens suddenly. Usuallycaused by a blood clot in the deep veins that begins in the legsand travels to the lungs. It can begin in other areas besides the legbut the leg is more common. Symptoms Symptoms can vary dependingon the size of the clot, how much the lungs is affected, and your overall health. Some commonsympotoms are shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. Other symptoms include leg pain, sweating,discolored skin, irregular heartbeat, and dizziness. A person is at a higher risk of having embolism if they have heart disease or cancer.Bed rest, long journeys, smoking,and pregnancy can also increase the chances of embolism. Statistics It is estimated that 300,000to 600,000 people are affectedwith embolism in the United States. 60,000 to 100,000 people die in the United States each year.10% to 30% die within a month of diagnosis. Treatment Certain medications are used to prevent new clots from forming.Blood thinners and clot dissolversare often used. A catheter also helps remove a clot. Diagnosis A series of test are done to detecta embolism such as blood tests, x-ray, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, and pulmonary angiogram. Prognosis If the blockage was not that severe, most people will be fine and live normally. If the blockage is formed because of another illness like cancer,chances are higher of gettinga blood clot again. If the clotis not treated soon, a person can die within minutes.
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