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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 THE SKINNY ON DIETARY FAT 1. Gletsu-Miller N, Wright BN. Mineral Malnutrition Following Bariatric Surgery. Adv Nutr An Int Rev J. 2013;4(5):506-517. doi:10.3945/an.113.004341.2. Mateljan G. The World's Healthiest Foods. Seattle, WA: The George Mateljan Foundation; 2007.3. Heart-Healthy Cooking: Oils 101. Health Hub from Cleveland Clinic website. Published October 1, 2014. Accessed March 3, 2015.4. The Lowdown on Cooking With Oils. Cenegenics Carolinas Medical Institute website. Published June 8, 2012. Accessed March 3, 2015. of patients who undergo bariatric procedures willdevelop nutritional deficiencies Nutritional deficiencies are common following bariatric surgery. Many of these deficiencies can be prevented byincreasing the amount of healthy fat in the diet. 82% "GOOD" FAT v. "BAD" FAT Often, the difference between a "good" fat and a "bad" fat isn't the fat itself, but how the fat (or oil) is used. When it comes to cooking, different oils have different purposes, which means that an oil may be "good" if used properly but not as good if used improperly (2). Some oils are best-suited for non-heatapplications like salad dressings and dips, and are not meant to be heated. In fact, heating these oils can produce free radicals,which can damage or kill cells. As a general rule, oils that have lower smoke points (points at which oils smoke/burn) aremore delicate and susceptible to damage. Formore information about smoke points, flip thepage. These vitamins can only be absorbed in the presence of fat and arestored in the body for long periods of time. All of the fat-soluble vitamins arecommonly found to be deficient after bariatric surgery:Vitamin A Vitamin DVitamin EVitamin K DID YOU KNOW? Fat is essential for our bodies to function properly. The most important functions inwhich fat is involved are: We burn fat for energy and store what we can't use. Stored fat protects our organs and provides a cushion.Fat is necessary for cell signaling and hormone production. Fat forms a protective layer around every cell of the body. COMMON NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES AFTER BARIATRIC SURGERY FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS MINERALS Minerals can be divided into two groups: major and trace. Both are equally important, but trace minerals (noted with an *) are needed in smaller amounts than major minerals. Minerals deficient after surgerycommonly include:CalciumCopper*Iron*Zinc* WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS These vitamins dissolve in water and are not stored by the body. Since they are eliminated in urine, we need a continuous daily supply in our diet. The water-soluble vitamins commonly deficient after surgeryinclude:Vitamin B1 (thiamin) Folate (folic acid)Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B12Vitamin B3 (niacin) BiotinVitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Pantothenic acid ENERGY COMMUNICATION STRUCTURE
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