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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Diabetic Nephropathy WHAT IT IS TREATMENT Although there is no cure for diabetic nephropathy, treatment can help delay its progression. Nephropathy progressively gets worse over time and is the main type of ESRD, or end stage renal disease in the U.S. with 50-66% of ESRD deaths resulting from it. OCCURRENCE OF NEPHROPATHY IN DIABETES PATIENTS 1. 2. PTS WITH DM LASTING 20+ YEARS Dialysis treatment 73% 3% NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETES PTS 50% PREVENTION 3. 4. Characterized by nausea and vomiting, edema, fatigue, and hypertension, diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease caused by diseased blood vessels within the glomeruli of the kidneys. Diabetic nephropathy is onset by worsening cases of diabetes mellitus and can be a main indicator for dialysis in patients. Diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy is through a 24-hour test for urea, creatinine, and protein to quantify the protein lost through urine. If the protein levels are between 150mg and 300mg and some hyaline casts are present, the patient is diagnosed with nephropathy. DIAGNOSIS Glycemic control Reduction of salt, phosphorous, and potassium intake Management of hypertension The best way to prevent diabetic nephropathy is to manage the symptoms of diabetes so that they do not progress- hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. Treating diabetes symptoms helps prevent progression into diabetic nephropathy. Antihypertensives, monitoring sugar intake, and having a low protein diet all help to prevent the onset.
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