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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Haemonchus contortus Goat industry Approximately 70 % of the world's poor live in rural areas, where agriculture is the main source of income and employment [1]. In the Philippines, about 45%of total population are employed as rural farmers. That's about 2 out of 5 Filipinos [2]. It is estimated that 17% of those farmers are dependent on livestock as income source with the Goat Industry contributing about 3.4% [3]. In figures, the Philippines have a total of 143 small scale backyard farms with an average of 8.7 does per farm and about 34 commercial farms having 33 does per farm on average [4]. 2 out of 5 2 out of 5 However, about $ 3 M of estimatedannual loss due to parasite- relatedcomplications (e.g. poor milk and meat quality, mortality) was reported.Haemonchus contortus was the topcontributing parasite [3]. Quick Facts: Quick Facts: References:[1] http://data.worldbank.org/topic/agriculture-and-rural-development[2] http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS/countries/1W-PH?display=graph[3] Montes N.D., Zapata Jr N.R., Alo A.M.P. and Mullen J.D. 2008. Management of internal parasites in goats in the Philippines. ACIAR Impact Assessment Series Report No. 57, 44pp[4] NGFPP Terminal Report, 2012: http://clsu.edu.ph/downloads/upload/130100%20The%20Goat%20Industry%20in%20the%20Philippines.pdf[5] http://www.sanger.ac.uk/resources/downloads/helminths/haemonchus-contortus.html[6] Araujo, R. 2002. A literature review of the effects of natural and mechanical alterations on mangrove. Division of Marine Affairs and Policy, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. University of Miami, Florida. 9 p.[7] Juhnke, J., J. Miller, J.O. Hall, F.D. Provenza and J.J. Villalba. 2012. Preference for condensed tannins by sheep in response to challenge infection with Haemonchus contortus.Vet. Par. 188(1-2):104-114 Erlinda A. Vasquez, Tomas J. Fernandez, Jr., Shiela N. Romero, Joji Marie Y. Teves*PhilRootCrops Research Center - Plant Bioactives Lab; Department of Veterinary Medicine- Parasitology Lab.Visayas State UniversityBaybay City, Leyte GOAT MEAT bloating lowmilk & meatquality loss of appetite healthy healthy Ceriops tagal Perr. Ceriops tagal Perr. 13-40% tannin content in bark. selective pruning promotes primary productivity by inducing the development of new sproutsin mangroves; Hence, making use of the pruned branches for other products [6]. Preferred forage by small ruminants due to its high tannin content [7]. Good benefits to aid digestion and prevent bloating. DATA: Haemonchus contortus is a highly pathogenic parasiticnematode infecting goats worldwide. It is a member of the superfamily Trichostrongyloidea (Strongylida). Adult worms are blood feeders that reside in the abomasum (stomach) approximately 2 cm in length when matured. Resistance to all the major anthelmintic classes is now common worldwide often leading to failure of treatment and control [5]. Complications: Other tried methods for H.contortus control:strategic drenching improved feeding practicesfrequent cleaning of pasture areareduced exposure to field pasture Other tried methods for H.contortus control:strategic drenching/ improved feeding practicesfrequent cleaning of pasture areareduced exposure to field pasture Plants as alternatives: Plants as alternatives: Economical for farmers Economical for farmers Ecologically Sustainable production of free from chemical residues double click to changethis text! Drag a cornerto scale proportionally. H.contortus H.contortus [] belonging to the family Trichostrongyloidea Ceriops tagal Crude Extract (CTCE) is a tannin-rich, ethanolic extract from'tongog' bark. It is a type of mangrove widespread in Philippine coastal areas. Occasional pruning is practiced by mangrove farmers to prevent unhealthy symbiotic relationships among its surrounding fauna. Thus, the pruned bark are utilized into different forms, (i.e. artificial flavouring and color enhancer, coconut preservative and as traditional medicine). The extract was proven to inhibit hatching on H.c. eggs by 78.27% and induce morbidity by 48.47% in the larvae, in vitro. [] blood feeders [] reside in the abomassum According to Reik and Keitz anthelmintic efficacy classification [7]. 10 0000 ppm CtCE HIGHLY EFFECTIVE (+ +) proven to inhibit hatching of eggs by 78.27%. proven to induce morbidity on larvae by 48.47% [(+,-): effective] with Ivermectin as positive control: 92.85% and Ethanol as negative control: 22.31% 1 250 ppm CtCE EFFECTIVE (+ -) proven to inhibit hatching of eggs by 65.28% proven to induce morbidity on larvae by 48.47% [(+,-): effective] proven to kill the larvae by 22%. proven to kill the larvae by 23 %. Goat Industry is an important livelihood for rural farmers in Southeast Asia,particularly in the Philippines. However, gastrointestinal parasitism mainlycaused by Haemonchus contortus remains to be a major constraint to itsefficient production. This parasite was studied to have grown resistance toa wide variety of chemical anthelmintics over continued course of treatment.This problem spurred the search for alternatives, one of which is a dewormerderived from plants. Organic Deworming with a Mangrove In vitro Evaluation of the Anthelmintic Properties of Ceriops tagal Perr. Crude Extract Against Haemonchus contortus Eggs And Larvae RED RED cure store at 20-27deg C goat farmers food environment the Parasite -free goats were studied to have... more improved nutritional quality of milk increase in protein content of meat 29% 27% less chemical residues in goat wastes and into theenvironment sustainable supply recycling waste barks from pruned branches Easy-to-use Easy-to-prepare Affordable Effective with continued use Targeted mehanism for anthelmintic resistant parasites MILK MILK-BASED PRODUCTS Ceriops tagal Crude Extract (CTCE) Facts Condensed tannins ................................. Anthelmintic Active Ingredient (in 100 mL formulation) : Purpose Uses: [] inhibit egg hatchability [] induce larval morbidity Provide temporary relief to symptoms of ruminant GI parasitism Other ingredients: Trace amounts of polyphenolic compounds
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