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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 MOBILE PHONE? Marbury vs Madison (1803) 1. Established the principle of judicial review2. the court ruled that the part of the judiciary act that gave the supreme court the power to order delivery of the commission went against the constitytion3. it strengthened the power of the judiciary by making it the final authority in interpreting the gave the right to the supreme court declare a law unconstitutional. Gibbons vs ogden( 1824) 1. the supreme court encouraged the growth of a national market with the gibbons vs ogden decision.2.chief marshall ruled the congress could regulate ferry boats crossing the Hudson river between new York and new jersey.3.congress has the power under the constitution to control " interstate commerce" ( trade between states).4.established the federal government's right to regulate anything that involves commerce between states.5. it set the stage for future expansion of congreeional power over other activities once thought to be under the control of the states. chief justice john marshall1. before he was appointed to the position of chief justice of the supreme court, the supreme court was often viewed as the weakest of the 3 branches2. marhall made the supreme court a new center of government power.3. the marshall court established the principle of judicial review mcCulloch vs Maryland 18191. this case presented two issues: 1) does congress have the power to create a bank even though it is not specified in the constitution , and 2) does Maryland have the power to tax an institution of the federal government?2. marshall decided that congress could indeed charter a national, since this could help congress carry out its other powers.3.the " elastic clause" in the constitution gives congress all those powers needed to carry out its power listed in the constitution. 4. the federal government has the right established a bank, and states have no right to interfere by taxing it. Dred scott vs sandford in Dred Scott v. Sandford (argued 1856 -- decided 1857), the Supreme Court ruled that Americans of African descent, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court. The Court also ruled that Congress lacked power to ban slavery in the U.S. territories. Finally, the Court declared that the rights of slaveowners were constitutionally protected by the Fifth Amendment because slaves were categorized as property.
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