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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Landmark Court Cases 1)The Supreme Court encouraged the growth of a national market with the Gibbons vs Ogden decision.2)Chief Marshall ruled that Congress could regulate ferry boats crossing the Hudson River between New Yorkand New Jersey. 3)Congress has the power under the Constitution to control "interstate commerce" (trade between states). 4)Established the federal government's right to regulate anything that involves commerce between states. 5)It set the stage for future expansion of Congressional power over other activities once thought to be under control of the states. Gibbons vs Ogden (1824) 1)Before he was appointed to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court was often viewed as the weakest of the 3 branches, 2) Marshall madethe Suprem Court a new center of governmentpower. 3) The Marshall Court established the principle of judicial review. Chief Justice John Marshall 1)This case presented two issues: 1\does Congress have the power to create a bank even though it is not specified in the Constitution, and 2\does Maryland have the power to tax an institution of the federal government? 2)Marshall decided that Congress could indeed charter a national, since this could help Congress carry out its other powers. 3)The "elastic clause" in the Constitution gives Congress all those powers needed to carry out its power listed in the Constitution. 4)The federal government has the right to establisha bank, and states have no right to interfere by taxing it. McCulloch vs Maryland (1819) Marbury vs Madison (1803) 1)Established the principle of judicial review.2)The Court ruled that the part of the JudiciaryAct that gave the Supreme Court the power to order delivery of the Commission went against the Constitution. 3)It strengthened the power of the judiciary by making it the final authorityin interesting the Constitution. 4)It gave the right to the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional.
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