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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Molecu lar Ionic vs IONIC COMPOUND- electrostatic attraction between a cation and anion. It involves the transfer of electrons. The first one is a metal and the second is a nonmetal. COVALENT COMPOUND - a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms, both are nonmetals. Chemical bonding- any of several forces, especially the iconic bond, covalent bond, and metallic bond, by which atoms or ions are bound in a molecule or crystal. Formula writing: 1. Write both of the symbols putting the cation first. 2. Cross the absolute value of each ions charge. 3. Reduce if possible. Formula writing: 1. Use the prefixes in the name to tell you the subscript of each element in the formula. 2. Write the correct symbols for the two elements with the appropriate subscripts. Naming: 1. Cation- name the metal. If it a transition metal use a Roman numeral to show the charge. 2. Anion- name the nonmetal, drop the elements ending and add -ide Naming: 1. Name the elements in the order listed. 2. Put a prefix at the beginning to show the number of each element.3. First element is prefix plus the element name. 4. Second element is the prefix plus element name plus -die ending. Properties: 1. Made of crystalline solids. 2. High melting and boiling points. 3. Conduct electricity when melted. 4. Many soluble in water but not in nonpolar liquid. Properties 1. Made of gasses,liquids, or solids. 2. Low melting and boiling points. 3. Poor electrical conductors in all phases. 4. Many soluble in nonpolar liquids but not in water. 3 examples/uses: 3 examples/uses: 1. Table salt 2. Calcium chloride 3. Rust 1. Water 2. Ammonia 3. Hydrogen chloride
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