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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 your artboard start from scratch[clears the canvas] Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)1. The Supreme Court encouraged the growth of a national market with the Gibbons vs. Ogden decision.2. Chief Marshall ruled that Congress could regulate ferry boats crossing the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey.3. Congress has the power under the Constitution to control "interstate commerce" (trade between states).4. Established the federal government's right to regulate anything that involves commerce between states.5. It set the stage for future expansion of Congressional power over other activities once thought to be under the control of the states. Marbury vs. Madison (1803)1. Established the principle of judicial review.2. The court ruled that the part of the Judiciary Act that gave the Supreme Court the power to order delivery of the Commission went against the Constitution.3. It strengthened the power of the judiciary by making it the final authority in interpreting the Constitution.4. It gave the right to the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional. McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)1. This case presented two issues:1) does Congress have the power to create a bank even though it is not specified in the Constitution, and 2) does Maryland have the power to tax an institution of the federal government?2. Marshall decided that congress could indeed charter a national, since this could help Congress carry outs its others powers.3. The "elastic clause" in the Constitution gives Congress all those powers needs to carry out its power listed in the Constitution.4. The federal government has the right to establish a bank, and states have no right to interfere by taxing it. Chief Justice John Marshall1. Before he was appointed to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court was often viewed as the weakest of the 3 branches.2. Marshall made the Supreme Court a new center of government power.3. The Marshall Court established the principle of judicial review. Dred Scott vs. Sandford1. Persons of African descent cannot be, nor were ever intended to be, citizens under the U.S. Const. Plaintiff is without standing to file a suit. 2. The Property Clause is only applicable to lands possessed at the time of ratification (1787). As such, Congress cannot ban slavery in the territories. Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional. 3. Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment prohibits the federal government from freeing slaves brought into federal territories.
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