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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 GM animals can produce more nutritious food and are capable of producing materials for industry. GM plants play an important role in the modern human economy. GM plants are usually cheaper than organicplants, and some even do not require pesticides. GM Animals GM Plants Recombinant DNA Members What is GM? GM Crops and Animals GM(Genetic Modification) is an alteration of genetic material in organisms, enabling them to be capable of performing new tasks.GM can lead to better and cheaper food with less-harmful manufacturing processes. DNA recombination is a method of artificial modification of DNA by combining pieces of DNA. The resulting DNA is called Recombinant DNA. Molecular cloning, replicating DNA within a living cell, is prominently employed in creating recombinant DNA. Recombinant DNA is widely used in biotechnology and research. When a wanted gene is found, that gene can be specifically cut at the ending of the gene by restriction enzymes, enabling that gene to be joined with a bacterial plasmid that is cut by the same enzyme. The joined DNA is called Recombinant DNA, which can be inserted into a bacteria to copy itself for further use. Insecticide Sweet Corn (Bt Corn) Golden Rice Controversy Hypoallergenic Cow Milk These GM corns can produce insect-harming poison, so it no longer requires insecticides. The name Bt is from the bacteria from whichthe insect-killing gene derive. Bacillus thuringiensis Golden rice has a lot of Beta-carotene, the chemical converted into Vitamin-A in our body. This gives more Vitamin-A, so it can help people with malnutrition. Golden rice contains two new genes from daffodils and one from a bacterium. Fluorescent Silk GM silkworms produce silks that glow in fluorescent light. The gene creating red-glowing protein comes from corals, the one for orange glow is from coral, and that for green glow is from jellyfish. The silk can be used to create various types of clothes. GM cows produce milk with less beta-lactoglobulin, a protein causing allergies. DNA fragment is inserted into the milk-producing tissue, stopping the creation of beta-lactoglobulin, then a clone, making only milk with less beta-lactoglobulin, is created using the nucleus from that tissue. Discosoma Fungia concinna GMO (Genetically Modified Organism), especially as food, has brought concerns on its health and environmental effects. Though researches show that GM crops are as safe as conventional ones, the development of superior GM crops might disrupt the balance of both its own, and other organism's numbers.It is possible for organisms of the same or closely related species to inherit modified genes. This may result in harmful organisms resistant to herbicides or pesticides. Tan #5Unif #7P #11M.4/331 References: Miller and Levine Biology; "4 examples of genetically modified crops". www.bionetonline.org; "10 Genetically Modified Animals You Can Buy". listverse.com; "Mutant Silkworms Spin Fluorescent Silk in 3 Colors". www.wired.com; "Holy Cow! 'Daisy' Makes Hypoallergenic Milk". www.livescience.com; "Effects on weed and invertebrate abundance and diversity of herbicide management in genetically modified herbicide-tolerant winter-sown oilseed rape". http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/; "The Safety of Genetically Modified Foods Produced through Biotechnology". http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/; "Weed and arthropod populations in conventional and genetically modified herbicide tolerant fodder beet fields". http://www.sciencedirect.com Discosoma
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