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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 WANTED Anthrax Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis. History Structure Bacillus anthracis Hosts Affected AnimalsDomestic and wild animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, antelope, and deer can become infected when they breathe in or ingest spores in contaminated soil, plants, orwater. HumansPeople get infected with anthrax when spores get into the body. When anthrax spores get inside the body, they can be activated. When they become active, the bacteria can multiply, spread out in the body, produce toxins (poisons), and cause severe illness. Treatments Doctors have severaloptions for treatingpatients with anthrax,including antibiotics andantitoxin. Patients withserious cases of anthrax will need to be hospitalized. They may require aggressive treatment, such as continuous fluid drainage and help breathing throughmechanical ventilation. Anthrax is thought to have originated in Egypt and Mesopotamia. ScientistRobert Koch studied Bacillus anthracis, the bacterium that causes anthrax. He discovered that the bacteria formed spores and were able to survive for very long periods of time and in many different environments. Anthrax spores are easily found in nature, can be produced in a lab, andcan last for a long time in the environment. Anthrax makes a good weapon becauseit can be released quietly and without anyone knowing. Because they are so small, you may not be able to see, smell, or taste them.
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