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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 CELL WALL A thick, rigid membrane that surrounds the plant cells, which made from cellulose, pectins and glycoprotien It is located outside the cell membrane whose main function is to protect and maintain the shape of the cell. PLANT & ANIMAL CELL CHROLOPLAST (plant cell only) A disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll. it has two membranes and has structures that look like stack of coins. Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. (plant cell only) CYTOSKELETON A series of intercellular proteins that gives a its shape, offers support and movement through three main components which are microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules. CELL MEMBRANE a thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell .It is located in the outer boundary of the cell. In plants cells it is inside the cell wall Their function is allowing only specific substances to pass into the cell and blocking others. VACUOLES as cells storage center,Its main function is storage Plant cells have large membrane bound chamber called vacuole. Vacuoles in animal cell have one or more small vacuoles unlike plant cell has one big vacuole located in the middle. CENTRIOLE A cylindrical, which is a small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way entriole produce the spindle fibers that attach to and move the chromosomes during cell division. Centriole is mainly in plant cell however rarely in plant cells. RIBOSOMES Smallest and the most abundant cell organelle. It is a combination of RNA and protein. Ribosomes are a place for protein synthesis. The ribosomes are known as the protein factories of the cell. ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM is coated with ribosomes that give it a rough appearance. It consists of flattened sacs involved in the produce and exports the proteins, glycoproteins, and hormones. GOLGI APPARATUS A composed of stacks of membrane -bound structures. Their function is packaging the protein molecules before they are sent to their destination. It is known as the 'post office' of the cell. NUCLEUS The controller center of the cell. It is a membrane bound structure, which contains the hereditary material of the cell (DNA). The nucleus is surround by the nuclear membrane SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM LYSOSOMES contains digestive enzymes, They digest excess or worn out organelles. MITROCONDRION known as powerhouse of a cell. Mitochondria generate the energy that that our cell needs to do their job. REFERENCES by: Pearl #8 Jeen #11
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