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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Oculocutaneous Albinism What Is It and Where Oculocutaneous albinism is a pigment and eye effecting genetic mutation primarily in the TYR gene on the X chromosome. In this form of albinism, the protein melanin cannot be produced leaving the skin, hair and retina without any pigment. This image shows the comparison of an infected pupil on the left versus a normal pupil on the right. With a one in four chance of occurring, both aren't must have the recessive trait in order for Oculocutaneous albinism to occur. Statistics show that one in 70 carry the gene, fewer than 5 per 100,000 in the US and Europe combined and 20 per 100,000 in Nigeria have oculocutaneous albinism. Symptoms And Treatments An Expected Lifestyle Symptoms include almost white hair and skin, being near sighted or far sighted (the ability to either close or far), astigmatism (shape of the eye),nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), strabismus (crossing of the eyes) and photophobia (light sensitivity). There is not a cure, but ways to aid in the treatment of albinism. Hats, sunglasses and 50+ sunblock all work well to protect the fragile, pale skin from getting skin cancer. Hats and sunglasses can also be worn to protect the eyes from the sun. Contacts can be used to grab hold of the pupil to create a clearer picture and contain the nystagmus. How It's Inherited and Statistics Support Groups Most posted pictures personally belong to Bryce Araiza. Most posted pictures personally belong to Bryce Araiza. Most people with oculocutaneous albinism live a somewhat normal life. Many just have to be very careful in the sun and take good care of their skin. For others, vision can be so damaged that they will be unable to obtain their drivers license. Many of these people qualify for vision services throughout their life and receive aid. National Organization for Albinism and HypopigmentationInternational Albinism Center Your Local Ophthalmologist "File:Albinofundus.jpg." Wikimedia Commons. N.p., 15 Apr. 2014. Web. <> "Albinism: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 29 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Feb. 2015. <>. "Oculocutaneous Albinism." Genetics Home Reference. Genetics Home Reference, Mar. 207. Web. 04 Mar. 2015. <>. Turkington, Carol A. "Albinism." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2011. 114-117. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.
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