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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Federal Government Involvement in Education Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)'Separate But Equal' schools ruled unconstitutional(1955) De jure segregation corrected & replaced with desegregation INTEGRATION KEY LEGISLATION The Civil Rights Act of 1964Title IXEducation for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (renamed IDEA in 1990)The Equal Pay Act of 1963Family Educational Rights and Privacy ActThe Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990No Child Left Behind Act of 1990 1st AMENDMENT Requires that the federal government remain neutral in matters of religion PUBLIC FUNDS School District of Abington Township v. Schempp (1963)Recitation of prayers that are demanded,encouraged and/or help by school personnelviolates the Establishment Clause of the 1st Amendment.Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)Established the Lemon Test to determinewhether a law or practice will withstand anestablishment clause challenge. Everson v. Board of Education (1943)A New Jersey school district could uselocally raised public tax monies to reimburse parents for bus fares spentto transport their kids to parochialschools. Cochran v. Louisiana State Board of Education (1930):Textbooks purchased with public funds may be provided to students attending parochial schools does NOT violate the U.S. ConstitutionEdwards v. Aguillard (1987)A state statute that requires that creation science betaught when evolution is taught violates the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution Examples of use for private or religious education are; textbooks,transportataion,and vouchers in the past. Some cases are still being heard in the courts. Wallace v. Jafree (1985)Addition of the phrase "or prayer"to the law authorizing silent meditation was an unconstitutional attempt by the state legislators to restoreprayer to public schools Santa Fe ISD v. Doe (2000)School policy that permits student-initiated prayer at football games violates the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution Stone v. Graham (1980)Placing the Ten Commandments inpublic classrooms or on the walls inpublic school is unconstitutional.
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