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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 1869 Yemen was isolated culturally and economically during this time period of western advancements and development 1918 17th -19th century Last of Ottoman Empire dissolves, North Yemen released and under it's own Imam Yahya. 1948, 1955 Two failed revolutions in North Yemen. First killing Imam Yahya and the second against Imam Ahmad 1962 1970 1967 Civil wars in Yemen after the formation of Southern Yemen, made up of Aden and former Saudi-Arabian protectorate. The wars betweenNorth and southern regions had been ongoing with the involvement of Saudi-Arabia with the royalists and Egypt with the Southern Republicans. Nationalist officers revolt against the Imam and The Yemen Arab Republic formed. New leader is Abdullah al-Sallal Fighting continues until Saudi Arabia refuses to support the royalists. This led to a democratic constitution in Yemen, still technically under the sphere of influence of Britain. May 22, 1990 Yemen finally united, known as the Unified Republic of Yemen, President Saleh 1974 Constitution suspended for more fighting. 1986 Thousands killed in political rivalry; Ali Masser Muhammed, president of South Yemen sentenced to death after fleeing the nation. 1982 Tension in Yemen continue, it is an independent state, no longer under the reign of Great Britain Yemen The British Empire takes control of Yemen. It is now a colonized protectorate of Britain. Bcomes a colony of Aden. 1839 Suez Canal opens.Aden's trade increases between Great Britain and it's Indian colonies.(Indian officials also use Aden as a military base) Earthquake kills three thousand people. International aid comes in. KEY PLAYERS Ottomans,South Yemen, North Yemen,Ali Masser Muhammed (prez. South Yemen twice), Abdulla Al Salal Saudi Arabia SIGNIFICANT EVENTS THAT HAD A POSITIVE IMPACT TO MODERNIZATION Trade increases within the British empire to India and back through the newly opened Suez Canal brought more technology and peoples through Yemen as an international port city. The spread of ideas as well as royalist morals from their colonial mother state, Britain, allowed Yemen to develop more as a nation. FACTORS KEEPING YEMEN FROM MODERNIZATION: For years, Yemen was isolated from the modern world geographically, and the divide between northern and southern Yemen caused northern Yemen to be more involved in issues and in line for the trek to African resources from the east, while southern Yemen remained more on the coast and out of the way of regional fighting with Saudi Arabia. In the civil wars, the South was supported by Egypt and the north was more republican with the Saudi-Arabs on their side. Continual civil wars and isolation from the rest of the world kept Yemen from developing until late twentieth century, decades after the British hold had been loosened there. British Empire in Yemen ABDULLA AL SALAL by Mary Allison Anderson and Candler Brown In order every one in our homeland learns principles of democracy and the peaceful transition of power, and in order to stabilize and develop multiple choices in democratic practice-Ali Abdullah Saleh
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