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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The US joined the war after a German U-boat sankthe British passenger liner Lusitania and killed 128Americans, hearing the Zimmermann Telegram, andafter the Germans resumed unrestricted submarinewarfare. Supporting the War Effort of WW1 When the US joined the war, on April 2, 1917, they had the largest navy, but the sixteenthlargest army. Because of that the CentralPowers weren't very concerned about the USjoining the war. Millions of men joined the military, sowomen and immigrants started workingin the factories. African Americans alsoworked in factories, but they also servedin the war. Women weren't part of the draft, but 30,000 women served in themilitary. To help save food for the soldiers there waswheatless Monday, meatless Tuesday,people grew Victory Gardens, and peopleused very little sugar. Wilson started a new agency called the WarIndustries Board (WIB) on July 28, 1917 . To help with war supplies the WIB forbadetoy makers to use tin in toys. It alsoincreased production in the US by 20%.Also, the WIB controlled what factoriescould and could not make, and authorizedthe construction of factories. The man thatran the WIB was Bernard M. Baruchas Buying war bonds or savings stamps wasprobably the most common way to supportthe war. When people bought a bond or a savings stamp, they were lending moneyto the government. Their money would bepaid back with interest after the war. During the war the Sedition Act of 1918and the Espionage Act of 1917 werepassed to quite anti-war supports.With those two Acts newspapers wereclosed and people were jailed for theirviews. The Sedition Act of 1918 wasrepealed in 1919, and the EspionageAct of 1917 was repealed in 1921because parts of them took away thefreedom of speech. The government was so serious aboutnot letting people express their anti-war opinions that private organizationsencouraged people to spy on theirneighbors to see if they expressingtheir anti-war opinions. The biggestof the private organizations wasAmerican Protective League, and theyalso opened mail, and tapped phonecalls.
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