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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Persian Empire (539-330 B.C.) The empires used a Persian administration that exceededthe standards and was far more efficient and reasonable. Theymade provinces that were called satrapies with governors called satraps. Secretaries, military officers, and special inspectors traveled over the regions to check on the satraps and satrapies. The empire established a military defense named "The Immortals". These were troops that settled among the plateau of Iran and expanded outward from the Indus Valley to the northeastern border of Greece. They had to act like imperial guards as well as soldiers that traveled in foot. The were highly appreciated and automatically recognized as they wore luxurious clothing. Cyrus was a skillful ruler. He adopted a policy of toleration toward the people he conquered. He allowed them to speak their own languages, practice their own religions, and follow their own ways of life. He also declared the first Charter of Human Rights. Etched on a clay cylinder, this charter set forth Cyrus goals and policies. His respect for the people made Cyrus popular and made it easier for him to create a peaceful and stable empire. Cyrus was a skillful ruler. He adopted a policy of toleration toward the people he conquered. For example, he allowed them to speak their own languages, practice their own religions, and follow their own ways of life. He also declared the first Charter of Human Rights. Etched on a clay cylinder,this charter set forth Cyrus goals and policies. His respect or the people made Cyrus popular and made it easier for him to create a peaceful and stable empire. The Persian leaders required cooperation and imposed a 20 percent tax on all agriculture and manufacturing. They also taxed religious institutions, which despite their wealth had not been previously taxed. The Persians themselves paid no taxes. Persia had many smaller states like Armenia, Anatolia, present day Iran, and Egypt. The empire had good and charismatic leaders named Cyrus aka Cyrus the great.He United the Persian empire by taking over these several subject countries which are commonly known as satraps. Downfall from external factors was caused by Alexandert. He conquered everything from Egypt all the way to India. Persia finally collapsed when Alexander destroyed Persepolis. He burned the placeand left it in ruins. Downfall from internal conflict included the death of king Xerxes= no strong hand; lead to provincial revolts (mostly in Egypt); unruly satraps; heavier taxes; economic depression; lead waged war on each other. As the neolithic revolution came to an end so did the practice of huntingand gathering around 8,000 BCE. This led to the classical era of agriculture, farming, and manufacture which allowed humans to settle into permanent villages instead of traveling as nomads since they could grow a surplus of food. As they developed new cities and empires they interacted with one another through war and trade and they began to develop new ideas and technologies to meettheir own needs. These new empires and cities caused innovations, ideas, hope, and faith for the future. By: Alyzah Virani, Saharish Hooda, Doris Kwon. 4th period They also created the Royal Road which was a major part of their infrastructure. It allowed the king and his military forces to travel efficiently and faster in any situation. The first postal service was also established on this road because couriers were stationed in different areas to transmit orders day and night. Comparison: Han Dynasty and Persian empire -both had rulers that ruled by separating their country into provinces/sections.-overall empires were divided into different dynasties after each ruler died.-have patriarchal dominance. -centralized government.-used tax systems to maintain economy and replaced the giftsthat were dedicated to the rulers.
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