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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Group 1 Unit 2 Case Study Experiment Survey Naturalistic Observation Correlation Over-confidence Hind-Sight Bias Perceiving Order in Randomness Correlation: A measure of the extent to which two variables change together, and thus of how well either variable predicts the otherCorrelation Coefficient: a statistical index of the relationship between two variables (from -1.0 to +1.0)Scatterplot: A graphed cluster of dots, each of which represents the values of two variables. The slope of the points suggests the direction of the relationship between the two variables. The amount of scatter suggests the strength of the correlation.Correlation without Causation: A problem with correlations is that it does not tell us why (or give us the cause) of what is happening; it only shows us that there is or is not a relationship between two variables. Form of hindsight bias; where we over estimate our abilities Humans are prone to see patterns in life; nature is pure chaos, making all patterns man made Thinking that doesn't blindly accept arguments and conclusions, rather asseses sources and evaluates evidence Methods of Research Critical Thinking Scientific a process or record of research in which detailed consideration is given to the development of a particular person, group, or situation over a period of time. a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact any measurement procedures that involve asking questions of respondents. refers to the collection of data without any type of manipulation of the environment and/or conditions that are being observed. known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determinism, is the inclination, after an event has occurred,to see the event as having been predictable, despite there having been little or no objective basis for predicting it, prior to its occurrence. Obtain potential participants' informed consent (an ethical principle that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate)Protect them from physical or emotional harm and discomfortKeep information about indiviual particpants confidentialFully debrief participants(explain the research afterward) General Ethics in Human Involved Research-
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