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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Unionization Unionization - The coming together of workers to form a labor union, which is made to bargain with management for the rights of the workers (for instance, higher wages, fewer hours, a better working environment). It began during the Gilded Age. Craft Unions - Particularly skilledcrafts. Laborers must havespecific skills.Industrial Unions - Entire industries.Amount of skill does not matter. Because factory size was increasing, there werent personal relationships between labor and management. Mechanization made it so that unskilled workers could do jobs easily that skilled workers would normally be doing. The arrival of the New Immigrants made it so that there were so many workers that they did not get paid well. Also, Freemen began to experience feudalism. They were being paid at the wage of a slave. Controversies began to arise about how to handle these situations. People wanted to know if government would assist the labor or management. Why Unionization Started: In the 1930s, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was made. They favored industrial unionism. In 1955, they joined with the American Federation of Labor to create the AFL-CIO. IN 1913, the Department of Labor was made by the AFL. A year later, the Clayton Act made it legal to do peaceful strikes. picketing, and boycotts. Franklin Roosevelt (as president) passed the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act of 1935. This gave unions many more rights and created the National Labor Relations Board. An amendment (the Taft-Hartley Labor Act of 1947) gave more power to the National Labor Relations Board and let the federal government intervene in strikes that risked national health and/or safety. How Labor Unions CameTo Be Supported More: What were the important unions,and what did they do?
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