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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Post-Reconstruction Era Brown v. Board of Education In an attempt to get a Supreme Court ruling making de facto segregation illegal, The Committee of Citizens arranges for Homer Plessy, a light-skinned black man, to be arrested for occupying the white car on a train. The 1896 Supreme Court ruling goes against them, resulting in de jure segregation, Separate But Equal, until 1964. They ruled slaves with fear 2015 Supreme Court Ruling Plessy v. Ferguson 1890-1910 Southern states enact draconian voter restrictions on blacks and poor whites through intimidation, threats, poll-taxes. Western states restrict the rights of Native Americans to vote through property rights, hiding the polls, and violence. 1964, Dismantles Jim Crow, outlaws DeJure segregation.1968, Provides for Equal Housing Opportunity (Title VIII, The Fair Housing Act) and outlaws discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion and sex. Amended in 1988 to include familial status and disability. 3rd iteration of the Ku Klux Klan 1950-1960. Reconstruction With the loss of reconstruction gains, public disinterest in addressing discrimination and enforcement of Jim Crow laws through intimidation and violence, America is now two societies, one black and one white, separate and unequal. 1910-1960 The Great Migration. 2nd iteration of the Ku Klux Klan, 1915-1944. Civil Rights Acts Enforced by Federal troops. Radical Republicans dominate congress, begin extending Civil Rights. The Reconstruction Amendments:13th abolishes slavery in every state. 186514th conveys citizenship to former slaves, those born here after 1787, and naturalized persons with equal protection under the law. 186815th conveys voting rights to men. 1870First iteration of the Ku Klux Klan 1865-1871 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes elected 19th President in a contested election. Agrees to halt Reconstruction in exchange for votes from Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina. White Democrats regain power in every Southern State, Federal troops are withdrawn. Public support wanes. In a surprise 5-4 ruling, the Supreme Court affirms the original intent of the 50 year old Fair Housing Act: that implicit discrimination is as destructive as explicit discrimination. Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project. The Aztec people ruled their slaves in mean ways. The slaves had collars around their necks. They didn't wear shoes. If a slave was sold three times they could be picked for sacrifice Fear The Aztecs Voter Suppression 1954 Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas overturns Plessy in education. DeJure segregation ruled a violation of the 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause. Truman Administration considers the dismantling of segregation to be of international importance to the US in forming Cold War alliances. Separate and Unequal
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