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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Violin From vibrations to musical masterpieces History Before the violin, the instrument that served as a violin was called the viol. Other than the viol, the viola, cello, and bass are family members of the violin. Birth Parts The violin is a string instrumentmade of spruce wood that was invented by Antonio Stradviari in the 1600s to replace the old viol. Sound Sound can be made with the violin when bowed or plucked. Sound is created when the bow presses against the string and causes it to vibrate. This vibration spreads through the body of the instrument and produces sound. Perhaps the most famous composer of musicand a violin player, Beethoven played a largepart in the violin world. His most famous piecefor the violin is Ode To Joy. Niccolo Paganini Niccolo Paganini is one of the best violin playersin the history of the instrument. Beethoven Extra! To have a better tone and also help in increasing the sound, rosin, a hardened pine sap cake that when rubbed onto the horse hair of the bow, can allow for the bow to grab onto the string better and allow for a larger vibration of the string, and therefore louder sound. more ways to create basic knowledge Change in Sound The viol The violin's antecedent was the viol. The two varied greatly as the viol was played on the knees and had six strings, but the vibrations thatcreated the sound andfactors that affected the pitch and volume were thesame as the violin today. To lesson the sound when bowing, less pressure should be used when pushing with the first finger onto the bow to vibrate the string. If plucking, the string should be plucked softer. Amplified Pitch Increses The pitch of a note on the violin becomes higher as the string becomes thinner (mass) and when the string is tightly stretched (tension). Of course changing finger positions can change the note and its pitch as well. Pitch Decreases The pitch of a violin decreases or lowers when the string is thicker and tuned loosely. Lower sound To amplify the noise a violin makes, more pressure needs to be pressed onto the bow to vibrate the string so that the string then has more pressure as it vibrates The violin consists of four strings, the highest pitches is the E string and the lowest pitched is the G string. Interesting facts! Violin strings were first made of sheep gut, but changed to various metals later. Over 70 different pieces of wood are put together to form the modern violin.
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