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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Vietnam War Key Players: Richard M. Nixon Nixon was a republican senator from California and the thirty seventh of the united states. In his first term as president he promised the american public that he would reduce u.s. troop levels in Vietnam. Hio Chi Minh He was a Vietnamese communist and revolutionary leader who sought to free his nation from the colonial influence. In the Vietnam war he lead the North Vietnamese in an effort to expel the U.S. forces, crush the South Vietnamese government, and reunify the country. John F. Kennedy Kennedy was the thirty fifth president of the United States. During his years as president Kennedy tripled the amount of American economic and military aid to the South Vietnamese. He refused to withdraw from the escalating conflict in Vietnam because, he said, "to withdraw from that effort would mean a collapse not only of South Vietnam, but Southeast Asia. So we aregoing to stay there." Bao Dai The conquerors reinstated Emperor Bao Dai in Vietnam, but kept him powerless, thereby creating the illusion of an independent Vietnamese state. In August, Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh revolted against Bao Dai, forcing the puppet ruler to surrender leadership to the resistance. The Viet Minh offered Boa Dai a role in the new government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, but instead the ex-emperor fled to Hong Kong. When and Where: The Vietnam War took place in Vietnam and Southeast Asia from November 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975 The Problem: The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Kong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. Key Events: December 1968 - U.S. troops in Vietnam reaches 540,000.July 1969 - President Nixon orders the first of many U.S. troop withdrawals from Vietnam.September 3, 1969 - Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh dies at age 79.November 13, 1969 - The American public learns of the Mai Lai massacre.April 30, 1970 - President Nixon announces that U.S. troops will attack enemy locations in Cambodia. This news sparks nationwide protests, especially on college campuses.June 13, 1971 - Portions of the Pentagon Papers are published in The New York Times.March 1972 - The North Vietnamese cross the demilitarized zone (DMZ) at the 17th parallel to attack South Vietnam in what became known as the Easter Offensive.January 27, 1973 - The Paris Peace Accords are signed that provide a cease-fire.March 29, 1973 - The last U.S. troops are withdrawn from Vietnam.March 1975 - North Vietnam launches a massive assault on South Vietnam.April 30, 1975 - South Vietnam surrenders to the communists.July 2, 1976 - Vietnam is unified as a communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.November 13, 1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C. is dedicated. The Outcome: The american people killed were 57,685. Lasting for 20 years, the Vietnam war took away more than 2 millions lives, many of them were civilians. 3 millions were wounded, and hundreds of thousands of children were left orphans War ruined both North and South Vietnam. The Lesson: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned torepeat it. Video:
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