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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Road to World War I The Road to World War I double click to change this header text! Germany made an alliance with Austria-Hungaryand The Ottoman Empire.Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary wasassassinated by a Serbian nationalist in June 1914for supporting. The man who assassinated the Archdukewas Gavrilo Princip. He assassinated the archduke and his wife because he wanted to break off Austria-Hungary'scontrol over the South Slav providences so that they could becombined into Yugoslavia. The assassination of the archduke gave Austria-Hungary the excuse to eliminate what theycalled, "the Serbian Threat." Franco-Prussian was a war between France and Germany which led to a humiliating defeat for France. France lost the regions of Alsaceand Lorraine. This war led up to the formation of the powerful German empire. Doing this disrupted the balance of power in Europe. 1870-1871The Franco-Prussian War A war between Russia and Japan was devastating to the Russians. They were fighting over areas in the east, and the Russians lost almost their entire Baltic and Pacific fleet. This war alsomade the Russians lose interest in anything in the east and let them focus on more things in Europe. This war also led up to the Russian Revolutionof 1905 1904-1905The Russo-Japanese War June 1914The Assassination Beginging of the Great War in Europe Both the Central and Allied powers wanted the war to be over quickly.Both sides had strategies and technology to make the war a long war. Biplanes, gas mask, hand grenades, poison gas, rapid fire machine guns, pistols, and armored tanks were used on both sides.These were items were mostly used in the trenches along the Frenchcountry side. Soldiers had to go up against mud, rats, cold and heat, andthe constant threat of death. This form of warfare was called trench warfare.The Europeans just had to be careful to not go in the area between the trenchescalled "no man's land." If they went in there, they could be mowed down byenemy bullets The Lusitania On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat sunk a British passenger ship off the coast of Ireland. They used U-boats to sink the ship because GermanyHad few naval boats, but they had a large supply of U-boats, or sumperinesThe U-boat fired at the Lusitania on its routefrom New York to Liverpool, England. Out of the 1,900 crew members and passengers on the ship,nearly 1,200 people died, including 128 Americans.President Wilson was outraged that the Germans had sunk the ship. The Germans told the Americansthat the ship was carrying a load of ammo towardEngland. The Germans also promised the AmericansThat they would no longer harm any more passengerships and neutral merchant ships. This event didn'tbring America into the war, but it led toward them coming into the war. The Russian Revolution of 1917 In 1917 the Russian revolution removed the lastobstacle for America's entry into the war.Russia was one of the main allies to America.America would not join the war alongside the alliesyet because Russia was ruled by a tyrant monarchby the name of Tsar Ticholas II. The Russian revolt started because of military defeats and foodshortages. Also, Nicholas had resisted any calls for democratic reforms. When the people overthrewNicholas, Russia's new government promised to keepthe country in the war. The new government was also the last step for America to join in World War I.They were able to join because they wouldn't be siding with a terrible tyrant, and they would be siding withother democracies. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, imperialism, militarism, and nationalism swept the country of Europe.Some of the European nations fought over territory in Africa, Asia, and in the Pacific area. Imperialism led to a rise inmilitarism. For protection and glory, most nations built us their military. With some countries, the military leadersof that certain country had a great influence on their government. Also during this time, countries started to form alliances. Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire forming the Central Powers.The other countries in Europe formed an allience. Britain, France, Russia, and later America formed the Allied Powers. Zimmermann Telegram On February 24, 1917, President was shown a telegram that the German foreign secretary, Author Zimmermann, had sent to the Mexicans.The note stated that the Germans would help the Mexicans regain territoryfrom the United States. They would help Mexico take back New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona from the Americans. When the telegram was released tothe public on March 1, the people were outraged. This brought them one stepcloser into America entering in on the war. April 2, 1917 On this day congress and President Wilson made a big decision.Wilson went to Congress to get its approval to going to war.Congress agreed to let America go to war after three years of doing nothing. Now the central powers had a force to rekon with.
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