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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Progressive Movement School Improvement Temperance Movement Suffrage Movement Government Reform There were many government reforms in the Progressive Era, such as the limitation of power of the corrupt political bosses, support for secret ballots, primary elections that allowed the voters themselves to choose the candidates for office, and an income tax to ensure revenue to provide public services like paving roads or creating schools and hospitals (16th Amendment). But bad government "reforms" were created, too. Middle-class South Carolinians used many devices to try and disenfranchise mill workers. For example, the registrar refused to qualify mill workers in some places. The Suffrage Movement was the movement to give women equal rights, such as the right to vote. Women did many things that would improve their communities, states, and country. The beginning strategy of the Suffrage Movement was to change the states' voting laws. This was not as successful as was hoped. When some women in the Suffrage Movement took their cause to a national level during WWI, even though their marching and picketing resulted in being arrested, women in many states, including South Carolina, benefited from this. Women, however, were not successful until political leaders, such as President Woodrow Wilson, recognized and appreciated women's effort in the war by supporting the 19th Amendment to the Constitution. This amendment gave women the right to vote. Improving education was one of the major issues of the Progressives in South Carolina. Only 1/3 of children in South Carolina went to school. Only 2/3 of those went to school for more than 4 months. Some examples of reforms in education included a compulsory attendance law, increased funding for schools, and the establishment of an adult school program by the state. Most reforms, however, were done locally. Mill workers who had children that brought much needed income to the family by working, though, did not always support this. The Temperance Movement was the movement to prohibit the use and sale of alcohol. South Carolina's Governor Tillman Substituted the State Dispensary System for the prohibition bill the legislature had passed, but eventually, in 1915, the state government passed the law that banned alcohol. In 1918, an amendment was added to the U.S. Constitution that outlawed the sale and distribution of alcohol.
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