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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Daily Colonist Most education takes place at home because daily life and workprovided opportunities for practical learning. In fact, most older children worked on family farms, businesses, or acquired apprenticeships. When schools were established, they tendedto be in well populated areas and taught only basic reading andarithmetic for elementary grades. Teachers were primarily men and were ranked right below religiousleaders in importance. Educators were expected to provide an example of moral behavior and were not permitted to drink,smoke, marry, or date. Attending church regularly, participatingin civic events, and being industrious and honest wererequirements for being a teacher. Most schools were focused on basic reading, writing, simplemath, and religion. Sons of the wealthy were given access to various subjects such as Latin or advanced math and were often given the opportunity to study abroad in Europe. Books were rare and expensive so schools used hornbooks until the 1800's. in the South, sons learned plantation management skills while daughters were taught poetry and literature. Educating America The Role of the Teacher School Curriculum American Colonial Period Timeline New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies 1600 1776 1635 1636 1642 1749 1st Latin Grammar School is established. Harvard University, the first college in America, is founded. Massachusetts Bay School Law is enacted. (First law regarding education). 1690 1st New England PrimerTextbook is printed in Boston by Benjamin Harris. Benjamin Franklin founds the 1st private academy. The majority of the colonists were Puritans who valued religious education. Therefore, students were taught basic and religious studies. A multicultural area, tolerant of others beliefs and valued education. Quakers established schools that welcomed all students regardless of race, gender, or religion. Social and economic class divisions are rigid. Sons of the wealthy received the best education, while those enslaved only learned skills deemed useful to their owners. Dame schools were open to both boys and girls.
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