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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Battle of San Antonio Battle of Gonzales Battle of the Alamo Battle of Goliad Battle of San Jacinto From October until early December 1835 an army of Texan volunteers laid siege to a Mexican army in San Antonio de Béxar. After a Texas force drove off Mexican troops at Gonzales on October 2, the Texan army grew to 300 men and elected Stephen F. Austin commander to bring unity out of discord. Anglo settlers had come from the USA to Texas, where land was cheap and plentiful, but they chafed under Mexican rule. Fighting broke out on October 2, 1835 when rebellious Texans opened fire on Mexican forces near the town of Gonzalez.By 1835, tensions were high in Texas. Anglo settlers had come from the USA to Texas, where land was cheap and plentiful, but they chafed under Mexican rule. Mexico was in a state of chaos, having only won their independence from Spain in 1821. Many of the settlers, in particular the new ones who were flooding into Texas daily, wanted independence or statehood in the USA. Santa Anna overthrew the Mexican constitution and became dictator. When he did this, he realized that the Texans might take this as an opportunity to secede from Mexico, and sent an army to take away their weapons. They came to take away a cannon that the people of Gonzales had control of. This is where the phrase 'come and take it' came from. The Texans won this battle. The importance of this battle was that it encouraged people to fight and take a stand, and it helped in getting people to join the First Army of Texas Volunteers, which formed immediately after this battle. The Battle of the Alamo is one of the most popular battles of the Texas Revolution. The Alamo is a former Franciscan mission that was occupied by a group of Texan volunteers. They overwhelmed the Mexican garrison that was stationed there and took hold of it. When Mexican forces came to reclaim the fort, there were only 155 soldiers there. They insisted on fighting to the end, even when they called for reinforcements and only 32 were sent. The Texan's commander was William Barrett Travis. The Mexican army was led by the Mexican dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. The army was said to be anywhere between 1,500 and 6,000 soldiers. The Texans held out for 13 days before they were overpowered. Texan leaders had made clear their resistance of Santa Anna, but they had not yet declared independence. The chief lieutenant of Santa Anna, General Urrea, moved to destroy the rebellion in Goliad. The Texans were left with just over 300 men due to a disagreement that led to a split of the rebels. The Mexican army was 1400 men. He won the battle, and the men who surrendered were murdered by the army. It was called a massacre. The battle lasted less than twenty minutes, and the Texans won. It was the last battle of the revolution. The Texans won by using strategy and were able to capture Santa Anna during the battle. During the battle, the Texans shouted "Remember the Alamo!" and "Remember Goliad!" as they fought because those battles had become symbols for their struggle for independence. Later, Santa Anna signed a peace treaty to be let free. This battle was important because it was the last battle of the revolution and what led to the Texans freedom. Battles That Occured to Gain Texas Independence
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