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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Syntax Structurelist Transormatoinalists Formal Differences Functional Somolarities Phrase Sentence Clause A group of words which function as a unit, with the exception of the verb phrase itself does not contain a finite verb. A group of words which contain a finite verb but cannot occurin isolation. a group of words can exist independently, do not relay on any other unit and can be interpreted without referance to any other piece of language. N.P, ADJ.P, V.P, PRP.P, ADV.P N.C, ADJ.C, ADV.C 1-Declarative.S2-Imparative.S3-Interrogative.S4-Exclamatory.S Sub-types: Finite Verb: is one that can take as its subject a prounoun. In term of structure : 1-Simple.S2-Compound.S3-Complex.S4-Compound-complex.S types of subordinate clause: 1- Main clause.2-Dependent( subordinate) clause. Complex sentence contain 2 parts: The basic pattern of a simple sentence is: (Adjunct)(Subject)Predicate(Object)(Adjunct) Differences between the subject and the object: Subject Object 1_ precedes the predicate.2_Can be retrived by putting"Who or What" 3-Different pronoun. E.G He,She. 1_ Follow the predicate.2_Retrieved by "whom or What"after the predicate.3_ Different pronoun E.G Him,Her. 1_ Grammatical2_ Interpretable 3_ Acceptable Language must be : In Examining sentence patterns, 4 operation will prove useful Insertion substiutions Deleation Transposition Lexical Ambiguity involve moving one part of a sentence to another part involve replacing involve deleting Involve changing Types of Unacceptability : Syntactic Ambiguity When a word in a sentence has more than one meaning When the ambiguity resides in the word. concentrate on concentrate on Created by: Samiah Al-Enazi Rawan Al-Shalawi Reem Al-Gamdi 4E9 Todd, Loreto. An Introduction to Linguistics. Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex, England: Longman, 1987. Print. Nada Al-Mutiri
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