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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 StrokeBy: Brijesh Senthilkumar Citations: Basic Facts about stroke -Stroke is also know as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack.-There are two types of strokes: ischemic from lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic from bleeding. htm roke / STROKEORG/AboutStroke/Treatment /Stroke-Treatments_UCM_310892_A rticle.jsp#.VwfQzPLqJxA Injury and Death tolls and costs: -Stroke kills almost 130,000 Americans each year. About 1 out of every 20 deaths in the U.S. is stroke.-795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year.-About 185,00 strokes of these are people who have had a previous stroke. So 1 in 4 can get a stroke again.-About 610,000 of these are first or new strokes.-Ischemic strokes are the most common, 87% of strokes are ischemic.-About $34 billion is spent each year due to strokes. Causes of strokes -In an ischemic stroke, oxygen-carrying blood doesn't reach the brain. For example, a blood clot can form in an artery to the brain, kind of like a heart attack, but instead of blocking the nourishing coronary blood to the heart, it blocks nourishing blood to the brain.-In a hemorrhagic stroke, bleeding occurs in the brain. It swells and puts pressure on brain tissue, which damages it. Also, clots form, making it even worse. Preventing Strokes: - Know its signs, such as: Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg. Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding. Sudden trouble seeing. Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, and loss balance or coordination. Sudden severe unknown headaches.- Managing health, such as exercising, not smoking, eating healthy, etc.-For ischemic strokes, tissue plasminogen activator, to dissolve clots.-For hemorrhagic, surgery to fix ruptured vessels or a stent.
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