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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 AMERICA Colonialism and Imperialism Politics Religion Society SPAIN VS Effects on the Philippines Then Education Bill of Rights(Right to life, property, due process, vote) Phil. under US protection Phil. legislature established w/greater public participation Filipinos recognized as Citizens of thePhilippine Islands but owe allegiance to the US Separation of Church and State Replacement of Spanish friars with Filipino priests Growth of Protestantism and other religions 1,000 Thomasites (1901-02) trainedFilipino teachers and taught in public schools 1898-1945 English as medium of instruction, start ofspread of American culture 14,000 Pensionados (Filipino gov't scholars sent to US)from 1903-38, inspired others to emigrate Education used as a tool of colonialism Philippine land for Filipinos (friar lands sold) Freedom of speech and press Colonial mentality Immigration - Easy until 1935, most immigrants became laborers. Starting 1910s, Filipinos recruited by US Navy as Stewards, by 1930, almost all Stewardsin US Navy were Filipino Freedom of religion and worship 1521-1898 Church and State carried out Spanish policy jointly Centralized gov't where King of Spain rules via Governor General Feudalistic system often had "hacienderos"or rich land owners as local officials Put Catholicism in the center of Filipino life Incorporated local customs into religious observances Belief structures of indigenous Filipinos destroyed Spanish friars had monopoly of education for all levels Only basic education for "Indios" Only rich "Illustrados" could study in universities Friars were largest land owners Chinese traders needed but discriminated againstby Spanish Men had to wear transparent shirts(barongs) so they could not hide weapons
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