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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Chapter 13; Section 3 Southern Cotton Kingdom Academic Vocabulary: consequence- result Content Vocabulary: processed- prepared cotton gin- capital- money to invest in businesses Key People: Eli Whitney-William Gregg-Joseph Reid Anderson- Invented the cotton gin in 1793 a South Carolina merchant and opened his own textile factory a machine that could remove seeds from cotton fibers took over the Tredegar Iron Works and made it one of the nation's leading iron producers Rise of the Cotton Kingdom took over the Tredegar Iron Works and made it one of the nation's leading iron producers -Eli Whitney's cotton gin was considered the "most perfect and the most valuable invention."-By 1850 the South had changed since its population had spread. The economy was thriving. However, the economy depended on slavery. -Slavery disappeared from the North, but was growing stronger in the South.-The demand for the South's main crops (rice, indigo, and tobacco). Instead, the demand was for cotton, which took extra time and labor to produce.-Because of Eli Whitney's invention, farmers wanted to grow even more to increase their profits. Therefore, they needed more laborers and used more slaves.-By 1860 the economies of the Deep South and the Upper South developed in different ways.-The Upper South became a center for the sale and transport of enslaved people. Industry in the South -The economy in the South became different than the economy of the North.- The industry developed slowly in the South.The boom of cotton sales was a reason that the South developed slow.- Agriculture, especially cotton, was extremely profitable.- Another reason the South developed slowly was that they South lacked money used to invest in businesses.- Planters would have to sell enslaved people or land in order to raise the money to build factories.- Southern leaders wanted to develop industry since they thought they relied too much on the North for manufactured goods.- The Southern cities grew more slowly than Northern cities because their railroads short, local, and not interlinked.
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