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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Three Branches of Government Members of the House are elected every two years and must be 25 years of age, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years The President must be 35 years of age, be a natural born citizen, and must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years. Cabinet members are required to, have no constitutional qualifications. They can be young, old, male, female, of any race or religion, and of any national origin. Must be 30 years old, a natural born citizen, be in charge of taxes and make laws. They also have to check on the congress and president to make sure no branch has more power. Congress has the power to: 1) Coin money, set its exchange value and punish counterfeiters. 2) Remove federal officers from office after impeachment by the House and trial in the Senate. 3) Make laws. 4) Maintain an army and navy and declare war. 5) Levy and collect taxes and borrow money. The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congressthe Senate and the House of Representatives. Executive President gets help from the Vice President and the department (Cabinet members), and heads of independent agencies. The judicial branch of government is made up of the court system. Sources Checks and balances Each branch is restrained by the other two in several ways. For example, the president may veto a law passed by Congress. Congress can override that veto with a vote of two-thirds of both houses. Another example is that the Supreme Court may check Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional. The power is balanced by the fact that members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president. Those appointments have to be approved by Congress. Judicial Legislative How executive branch checks the legislative branch. Veto powerAbility to call special sessions of CongressCan recommend legislationCan appeal to the people concerning legislation and more How it works What it is The Judicial Branch has the following checks over the Legislative Branch:Courts can judge legislative acts to be unconstitutional. How judicial checks over legaslative and excutive branches How legislative checks over both judicial and excutive branches Legislative Branch Checks on the Executive BranchCongress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses Senate can reject proposed treaties Senate can reject presidential nominations. Legislative Branch Checks on the Judicial Branch Congress can create lower courtsSenate can reject nominees to the federal courts/SupremeCourt Congress can impeach judges and remove from the bench Judicial Branch Checks on the Executive BranchSupreme Court can use the power of judicial review to rule presidential actions unconstitutional. How excutive branch checks on both legaslative and excutive branches Things the Excutive branch does:1)The executive branch can appoint judges, 2)veto or approve bills, 3)and makes sure the law is enforced.4) Makes laws.5)Can close court cases. Checks and balances is when every branch checks on each other in different ways, which restricts each other from having too much power. 1)Deciding if laws agree with the Constitution2)Interpreting how laws should be applied3)Can convict people of going against the constitution You must be 30 years or older to be a Senator. You must be 25 years or older to be a Representative. You must be a citizen for at least 9 years to be a Senator. You must be a citizen for at least 7 years to be a Representative. You must live in the state you will be a Senator or a Representative for live in.Senators serve for 6 years and re-elections are unlimited. Representatives serve for years and re-elections are unlimited. There are 100 Senators in Congress. There are 435 Representatives in Congress 435.Each state gets 2 Senators. Requirements for the legislative branch Executive Branch Checks on the Judicial BranchNominates judges to the Supreme CourtNominates judges to the federal court systemPresident has the power to pardon individuals convicted of crimesPresident can grant amnesty, forgiving a class of crime Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. The 9 justices are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Senate (with at least 51 votes).Other Federal CourtsThere are lower Federal courts but they were not created by the Constitution. Congressdeemed them necessary and established them using power granted from the Constitution.
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