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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Sleeping Reilly MathieuHour 2 About Sleep Sleep is divided into five different stages that change based on how deep in sleepa person is. The sleep we think of most often is probably REM sleep, which is when there's rapid eye movement and dreaming. Muscles become paralyzed, but brain activity increases during REM. The other four stages are called Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3, and Stage 4. It takes about 90 minutes to reach REM sleep, and we gothrough a sleep cycle 4 to 5 times a night, with each cycle increasing in time. Why We Need Sleep While we sleep, our brain forms neural pathways to help remember and store new information, in other words, help us learn new things. It alsoimproves emotions. Sleep is also important to ourphysical health by keeping our immune systemhealthy and repair the heart, blood vessels, tissue,and cells. Without sleep, we wouldn't grow and can lead to other health problems, such as heartdisease, high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetesto name a few. It also helps us function throughoutthe day by keeping us focused and giving us a fasterreaction time. -Keep a regular schedule of when you sleep and get up-Four to six hours before sleeping avoid caffeine-Don't smoke or drink alcohol before sleeping-Avoid large meals before going to sleep-Try to sleep in a quiet area with low lighting, as well as keeping a comfortable temperature -Repeat the same thing every night before going to sleep to calm down-Try to avoid naps in the day, since they can interfere with sleep-Exercise earlier in the day-Manage stress and keep it low How To Get A Good Night's Sleep Common Sleeping Disorders -Sleep Apnea: Breathing is interrupted or stops during sleep. OSA (obstructive) means that the airway is blocked and that's the reason that it's interrupted and is more common than CSA (central) where the brain doesn't send the signal to breathe.-Insomnia: It's difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep. It can be long-term, which would be called chronic, or short-term, which would be acute or adjustment.-Restless Legs Syndrome: There's a strong urge to move the legs which is hard to fight against; it makes it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep.-Narcolepsy: People with this fall asleep randomly in the day (especially in relaxed situations).
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